Bilateral herpes simplex keratitis presenting as peripheral ulcerative keratitis.
ABSTRACT To report a case of bilateral Herpes simplex keratitis (HSK) masquerading as peripheral ulcerative keratitis (PUK).
A case of a 47-year-old female complaining of painful red eyes with a history of arthritis and anterior uveitis attacks with positive antinuclear antibodies (ANA). Biomicroscopy revealed PUK, stromal infiltrations and bilateral central corneal epithelial erosions. Slit-lamp examination disclosed +3 anterior chamber cells in both eyes.
Blood testing was positive for ANA. Herpes simplex virus (HSV) antigen was identified in both eyes using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The management included topical prednisolone and acyclovir, as well as systemic valacyclovir. Improvement of epithelial corneal defects, PUK, and visual acuity was achieved gradually during the follow-up period.
Bilateral herpetic keratitis presenting as PUK is an extremely rare manifestation of herpetic disease. PUK can pose a diagnostic dilemma in cases with immune system dysregulation. Excluding infectious agents is mandatory for appropriate treatment.
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ABSTRACT: To provide recommendations for the use of immunosuppressive drugs in the treatment of patients with ocular inflammatory disorders. A 12-person panel of physicians with expertise in ophthalmologic, pediatric, and rheumatologic disease, in research, and in the use of immunosuppressive drugs in patient care. Published clinical study results. Recommendations were rated according to the quality and strength of available evidence. The panel was convened in September of 1999 and met regularly through May 2000. Subgroups of the panel summarized and presented available information on specific topics to the full panel; recommendations and ratings were determined by group consensus. Although corticosteroids represent one of the mainstays in the management of patients with ocular inflammation, in many patients, the severity of the disease, the presence of corticosteroid side effects, or the requirement for doses of systemic corticosteroids highly likely to result in corticosteroid complications supports the rationale for immunosuppressive drugs (for example, antimetabolites, T-cell inhibitors, and alkylating agents) being used in the management of these patients. Because of the potential for side effects, treatment must be individualized and regular monitoring performed. With careful use of immunosuppressive drugs for treatment of ocular inflammatory disorders, many patients will benefit from them either with better control of the ocular inflammation or with a decrease in corticosteroid side effects.American Journal of Ophthalmology 11/2000; 130(4):492-513. · 3.63 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To describe a case of bilateral herpes simplex keratitis accompanying chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Observational case report. An 11-year-old boy with myelocytic leukemia underwent allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. He developed symptoms of the skin, eyes, and mouth, and lip biopsy indicated chronic GVHD. Persistent keratitis with corneal filaments and neovascularization was noted in both eyes. Sodium hyaluronate, autoserum, and 0.1% fluorometholone eyedrops were instilled for approximately 2 years to treat this keratitis, and there were no other ocular changes. Bilateral herpes simplex keratitis developed with geographic ulcers after topical betamethasone therapy, but responded to acyclovir ointment. Herpes keratitis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of bilateral keratitis in patients with reduced immunocompetence. During the course of chronic GVHD, corneal herpes may occur, so ocular treatment with topical corticosteroids should be managed by an ophthalmologist to monitor sight-threatening conditions such as corneal herpes.Clinical ophthalmology (Auckland, N.Z.) 07/2008; 2(2):457-9.
Article: Peripheral corneal disorders.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The peripheral cornea is anatomically and physiologically distinct from its central counterpart. The major differences relate to the gradual transition of corneal tissues to those of the conjunctiva, episclera, and sclera; furthermore, the vascular structures, lymphatics, and inflammatory cells from these neighboring structures are intimately associated with the limbus and periphery of the cornea. The peripheral cornea is thereby predisposed to three main classes of disorders which do not normally involve the central cornea. First, local conditions affecting the sclera and conjunctiva may secondarily spread to involve the limbus and peripheral cornea. These include several infectious diseases, as well as hypersensitivity conditions, mass lesions, and degenerations. Second, due to the associated blood vessels and lymphatics, the peripheral cornea may be involved in a variety of systemic diseases, including vasculitides, autoimmune disorders, and abnormal metabolic conditions. Finally, there are several conditions, such as the noninflammatory peripheral degenerations, which primarily affect the peripheral cornea without associated ocular or systemic changes. In this review, we present a classification and discussion of the various disorders which may involve the peripheral cornea.Survey of Ophthalmology 01/1986; 31(1):1-36. · 2.86 Impact Factor