Article

Acute Obstructive Hydrocephalus due to a Large Posterior Third Ventricle Choroid Plexus Cyst

Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Department of Neurological Surgery, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
Pediatric Neurosurgery (Impact Factor: 0.5). 02/2012; 47(4):292-4. DOI: 10.1159/000336046
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We present the case of a child in whom acute hydrocephalus developed secondary to obstruction of the foramen of Monro by a choroid plexus cyst. The patient was seen in the emergency department with fevers, acute onset of headaches, and lethargy. Computed tomography demonstrated dilated lateral and third ventricles with a relatively normal-sized fourth ventricle. An external ventricular drain was placed. Despite decompression of the lateral ventricles, follow-up magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a dilated third ventricle with a possible thin-walled mass extending from the foramen of Monro into the posterior portion of the third ventricle. The patient subsequently underwent endoscopic fenestration of the cyst with endoscopic third ventriculostomy. Although two other cases of symptomatic choroid plexus cysts of the third ventricle have been previously reported in children, our paper highlights the possibility of endoscopic cyst fenestration together with a third ventriculostomy as a treatment option in cases where the cyst extends into the posterior third ventricle. Despite adequate decompression, we were concerned that due to CSF pulsations the remnant cyst wall could result in acute aqueduct obstruction and subsequent hydrocephalus.

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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to document the dynamic behavior of a choroid plexus cyst of the third ventricle. Although these lesions may float freely within the ventricle leading to intermittent obstruction of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) circulation at variable points in a single patient, such a phenomenon has only been documented using cranial ultrasonography and was never observed intraoperatively. We endoscopically treated a case of third ventricular choroid plexus cyst in a 9-year-old boy who presented with headaches and disturbed conscious level. He underwent a transventricular approach through a single burr hole. During the procedure, the cyst was noted to intermittently herniate into the lateral ventricle and recede back through the foramen of Monro. Endoscopic ablation of the cyst was achieved and followed by endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV). The patient made an excellent recovery after the procedure. We were able to endoscopically observe the dynamic behavior displayed by a choroid plexus cyst of the third ventricle. To the best of our knowledge, intraoperative documentation of the obstruction of the CSF pathway by a single choroid plexus cyst that intermittently herniates through the foramen of Monro and back into the third ventricular cavity has not been previously demonstrated neither microsurgically nor endoscopically.
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