[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of the study is to report 2 new genotypic forms of protease-sensitive prionopathy (PSPr), a novel prion disease described in 2008, in 11 subjects all homozygous for valine at codon 129 of the prion protein (PrP) gene (129VV). The 2 new PSPr forms affect individuals who are either homozygous for methionine (129MM) or heterozygous for methionine/valine (129MV).
Fifteen affected subjects with 129MM, 129MV, and 129VV underwent comparative evaluation at the National Prion Disease Pathology Surveillance Center for clinical, histopathologic, immunohistochemical, genotypical, and PrP characteristics.
Disease duration (between 22 and 45 months) was significantly different in the 129VV and 129MV subjects. Most other phenotypic features along with the PrP electrophoretic profile were similar but distinguishable in the 3 129 genotypes. A major difference laid in the sensitivity to protease digestion of the disease-associated PrP, which was high in 129VV but much lower, or altogether lacking, in 129MV and 129MM. This difference prompted the substitution of the original designation with “variably protease-sensitive prionopathy” (VPSPr). None of the subjects had mutations in the PrP gene coding region.
Because all 3 129 genotypes are involved, and are associated with distinguishable phenotypes, VPSPr becomes the second sporadic prion protein disease with this feature after Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, originally reported in 1920. However, the characteristics of the abnormal prion protein suggest that VPSPr is different from typical prion diseases, and perhaps more akin to subtypes of Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker disease. ANN NEUROL 2010;68:162–172
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It is 10 years since the detection of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) 14-3-3 was included in the diagnostic criteria for sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) by the WHO. Since that time, other CSF proteins, such as S100b and tau protein, have been proposed as surrogate markers for sCJD. The authors aimed to investigate the diagnostic value of each of these three proteins.
CSF samples collected from patients who were referred to the National CJD Surveillance Unit as suspected cases of sCJD during the period 1997-2007 were analysed for 14-3-3, S100b and tau protein. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of each of these markers, either alone or in combination for the diagnosis of sCJD, were assessed. The impact of CSF 14-3-3 analysis on the case classification of sCJD was investigated.
CSF 14-3-3 had the greatest sensitivity (86%) when compared with tau protein (81%) and S100b (65%). The combination of a positive CSF 14-3-3 or an elevated tau protein with a raised S100b had the highest positive predictive power for sCJD. During the study period, 100 patients were classified as probable sCJD solely on the basis of the clinical features and a positive CSF 14-3-3. The most sensitive marker for sCJD was a positive CSF 14-3-3. The analysis of CSF 14-3-3 plays a crucial role in the case classification of sCJD.
Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry 11/2010; 81(11):1243-8. DOI:10.1136/jnnp.2009.197962 · 6.81 Impact Factor
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