Gender differences in patients' perceptions of inpatient care.
ABSTRACT To examine gender differences in inpatient experiences and how they vary by dimensions of care and other patient characteristics.
A total of 1,971,632 patients (medical and surgical service lines) discharged from 3,830 hospitals, July 2007-June 2008, and completing the HCAHPS survey.
We compare the experiences of male and female inpatients on 10 HCAHPS dimensions using multiple linear regression, adjusting for survey mode and patient mix. Additional models add additional patient characteristics and their interactions with patient gender.
We find generally less positive experiences for women than men, especially for Communication about Medicines, Discharge Information, and Cleanliness. Gender differences are similar in magnitude to previously reported HCAHPS differences by race/ethnicity. The gender gap is generally larger for older patients and for patients with worse self-reported health status. Gender disparities are largest in for-profit hospitals.
Targeting the experiences of women may be a promising means of improving overall patient experience scores (because women comprise a majority of all inpatients); the experiences of older and sicker women, and those in for-profit hospitals, may merit additional examination.
SourceAvailable from: Paul D Cleary[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Measure HCAHPS improvement in hospitals participating in the second and fifth years of HCAHPS public reporting; determine whether change is greater for some hospital types. Surveys from 4,822,960 adult inpatients discharged July 2007-June 2008 or July 2010-June 2011 from 3,541 U.S. hospitals. Linear mixed-effect regression models with fixed effects for time, patient mix, and hospital characteristics (bedsize, ownership, Census division, teaching status, Critical Access status); random effects for hospitals and hospital-time interactions; fixed-effect interactions of hospital characteristics and patient characteristics (gender, health, education) with time predicted HCAHPS measures correcting for regression-to-the-mean biases. National probability sample of adult inpatients in any of four approved survey modes. HCAHPS scores increased by 2.8 percentage points from 2008 to 2011 in the most positive response category. Among the middle 95 percent of hospitals, changes ranged from a 5.1 percent decrease to a 10.2 percent gain overall. The greatest improvement was in for-profit and larger (200 or more beds) hospitals. Five years after HCAHPS public reporting began, meaningful improvement of patients' hospital care experiences continues, especially among initially low-scoring hospitals, reducing some gaps among hospitals. © Health Research and Educational Trust.Health Services Research 04/2015; DOI:10.1111/1475-6773.12305 · 2.49 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To identify factors associated with patients' overall rating of inpatient hospital care. Two years of patient interview data (April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2013), linked to inpatient administrative records. Patients rated their overall health on a scale of 0 (worst care) to 10 (best care) using the HCAHPS instrument administered via telephone, up to 42 days postdischarge. Logistic regression was used to generate odds ratios for each independent predictor. HCAHPS data were linked to inpatient records based on health care numbers and dates of service. The outcome (overall health experience) was collapsed into two groups (10 vs. 0-9). Overall hospital experience of 0-9 was associated with younger age, male gender, higher level of education, being born in Canada, urgent admission, not having a family practitioner as the most responsible provider service, and not being discharged home. A length of stay of less than 3 days was protective. The c-statistic for the multivariate model was 0.635. Our results are novel in the Canadian population. Several questions for future research have been generated, in addition to opportunities for quality improvement within our own organization. © Health Research and Educational Trust.Health Services Research 12/2014; DOI:10.1111/1475-6773.12271 · 2.49 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Patient experience is a critical dimension of cancer care quality. Understanding variation in experience among patients with different cancers and characteristics is an important first step for designing targeted improvement interventions. We analysed data from the 2011/2012 English Cancer Patient Experience Survey (n = 69 086) using logistic regression to explore inequalities in care experience across 64 survey questions. We additionally calculated a summary measure of variation in patient experience by cancer, and explored inequalities between patients with cancers treated by the same specialist teams. We found that younger and very old, ethnic minority patients and women consistently reported worse experiences across questions. Patients with small intestine/rarer lower gastrointestinal, multiple myeloma and hepatobiliary cancers were most likely to report negative experiences whereas patients with breast, melanoma and testicular cancer were least likely (top-to-bottom odds ratio = 1.91, P < 0.0001). There were also inequalities in experience among patients with cancers treated by the same specialty for five of nine services (P < 0.0001). Specifically, patients with ovarian, multiple myeloma, anal, hepatobiliary and renal cancer reported notably worse experiences than patients with other gynaecological, haematological, gastrointestinal and urological malignancies respectively. Initiatives to improve cancer patient experience across oncology services may be suitably targeted on patients at higher risk of poorer experience.European Journal of Cancer Care 11/2014; 24(1). DOI:10.1111/ecc.12267 · 1.76 Impact Factor