A case study on the in silico absorption simulations of levothyroxine sodium immediate-release tablets

Galenika ad, Serbia.
Biopharmaceutics & Drug Disposition (Impact Factor: 2.34). 04/2012; 33(3):146-59. DOI: 10.1002/bdd.1780
Source: PubMed


The aim of this case study was to develop a drug-specific absorption model for levothyroxine (LT4) using mechanistic gastrointestinal simulation technology (GIST) implemented in the GastroPlus™ software package. The required input parameters were determined experimentally, in silico predicted and/or taken from the literature. The simulated plasma profile was similar and in a good agreement with the data observed in the in vivo bioequivalence study, indicating that the GIST model gave an accurate prediction of LT4 oral absorption. Additionally, plasma concentration-time profiles were simulated based on a set of experimental and virtual in vitro dissolution data in order to estimate the influence of different in vitro drug dissolution kinetics on the simulated plasma profiles and to identify biorelevant dissolution specification for LT4 immediate-release (IR) tablets. A set of experimental and virtual in vitro data was also used for correlation purposes. In vitro-in vivo correlation model based on the convolution approach was applied in order to assess the relationship between the in vitro and in vivo data. The obtained results suggest that dissolution specification of more than 85% LT4 dissolved in 60 min might be considered as biorelevant dissolution specification criteria for LT4 IR tablets.

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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present work was to use GastroPlus™ software for the prediction of pharmacokinetic profiles and in vitro–in vivo correlation (IVIVC) as tools to optimize the development of new generic medications. GastroPlus™ was used to simulate the gastrointestinal compartment and was based on the advanced compartmental absorption and transit model. Powder dissolution and efavirenz tablet dissolution studies were carried out to generate data from which correlation was established. The simulated plasma profile, based on the physicochemical properties of efavirenz, was almost identical to that observed in vivo for biobatches A and B. A level A IVIVC was established for the dissolution method obtained for the generic candidate using the Wagner–Nelson (r 2 = 0.85) and for Loo–Riegelman models (r 2 = 0.92). The percentage of fraction absorbed indicated that 0.5% sodium lauryl sulfate may be considered a biorelevant dissolution medium for efavirenz tablets. The simulation of gastrointestinal bioavailability and IVIVC obtained from immediate-release tablet formulations suggests that GastroPlus™ is a valuable in silico method for IVIVC and for studies directed at developing formulations of class II drugs.
    AAPS PharmSciTech 08/2013; 14(3). DOI:10.1208/s12249-013-0016-4 · 1.64 Impact Factor