Article

Alteration of galectin-1 during tumorigenesis of Opisthorchis viverrini infection-induced cholangiocarcinoma and its correlation with clinicopathology.

Department of Parasitology, Gifu University Graduate School of Medicine, Yanagido1-1, Gifu 501-1194, Japan.
Tumor Biology (Impact Factor: 2.52). 02/2012; 33(4):1169-78. DOI: 10.1007/s13277-012-0360-0
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Galectin-1 is a beta-galactoside-binding lectin to function in cell adhesion, proliferation, differentiation, and might be involved in tumor progression and metastasis. In the present study, the expression kinetics of galectin-1 during the tumorigenesis of a parasite Opisthorchis viverrini infection-induced cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) was investigated in model animal hamsters, and the expression was confirmed in human CCA cases. It was found that galectin-1 was overexpressed at mRNA and protein levels with the tumor progression. The mRNA expression was elevated in very early stage during tumorigenesis and the increase was time dependent. Galectin-1 protein expression profiles indicated that the increased expression was mainly located in the epithelium of extensively proliferated and hyperplasia small bile ducts at early stage of CCA development in model animal and mainly in the extensive tumor stroma tissues in both model animals and human CCA cases at later stage. The analysis of correlation of the overexpression with clinicopathology in human cases suggested that high expression of galectin-1 was associated with advanced stage and metastasis and with shorter cumulative overall survival of the patients. Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that galectin-1 expression was of independent prognostic significance for CCA. Our results suggest that galectin-1 is likely involved in the tumorigenesis and expected to serve as a tumor stroma marker in diagnosis and prediction of metastasis and poor prognosis of the opisthorchiasis-associated CCA.

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    ABSTRACT: Milk fat globule epidermal growth factor 8 (MFG-E8) is a pleiotropic secreted glycoprotein to play roles in mediating immune tolerance and homeostasis maintenance and enhancing angiogenesis. To evaluate its value as a biomarker in opisthorchiasis-associated cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), the present study investigated MFG-E8 expression kinetics during the tumorigenesis in Opisthorchis viverrini infection-induced CCA, and demonstrated its expression in the tumor tissues of CCA patients and its serum level among them. During the tumorigenesis of CCA, MFG-E8 expression was increased in a time-dependent manner with the pathological processes. Absolutely higher expression of MFG-E8 messenger RNA was detected in the tumor tissues from CCA patients, compared with those in adjacent tissues. Immunobiochemical analysis showed that more than 90 % CCA cases were positive and the positive reaction located in the membrane and cytoplasm of the tumor cells. Moreover, the average serum level in the CCA patients was significantly higher than that in healthy individuals and those with O. viverrini infection or other parasitosis. Correlation analysis of MFG-E8 expression with CCA clinicopathology revealed that a high expression of MFG-E8 protein was significantly bound with a poor differentiation, pathological advanced stage, and metastasis of CCA. The multivariation analysis indicated that MFG-E8 was an independent prognostic factor. In addition, short hairpin RNA-mediated MFG-E8 knockdown in CCA cell line obviously suppressed the cell proliferation. Our results strongly suggested that MFG-E8 is a promising biomarker for the diagnosis, prognosis, and therapy target of opisthorchiasis-associated CCA.
    Tumor Biology 10/2013; · 2.52 Impact Factor

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