Article

Typical carcinoid arising in mature teratoma of anterior mediastinum.

Department of Pathology, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India.
Asian cardiovascular & thoracic annals 02/2012; 20(1):80-2. DOI: 10.1177/0218492311428185
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Teratoma is the second most common mediastinal neoplasm, but malignant transformation in mature teratomas is uncommon at both gonadal and extragonadal sites. A 35-year-old woman presented with an anterior mediastinal mass. Computed tomography suggested a teratoma. Meticulous pathological examination helped in detecting a neuroendocrine neoplasm (carcinoid) within the mature teratoma. Malignant transformation in a teratoma is difficult to diagnose on clinical and radiological assessment; histopathology is essential to detect the malignant nature of these neoplasms.

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    ABSTRACT: A 36-year-old woman had presented with dry cough for 2 months. Thoracic computed tomography (CT) scan showed a 12 cm × 8 cm ×5 cm mass in the anterior mediastinum. Due to intimately involving the aortic arch, tumor was removed incompletely. Residual tumor remained approximate 2 cm × 3 cm × 4 cm. Histologic diagnosis was a mature cystic teratoma containing a carcinoid. Subsequently, radiotherapy (RT) was administrated on residual tumor for a total dose of 50 Gy at 2 Gy/d fraction in 25 fractions. At 2-year follow-up, the patient had stable disease. In conclusion, adjuvant radiotherapy with 50 Gy is an effective approach for residual tumor of mediastinal carcinoid teratoma.
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