The Pararectus approach for anterior intrapelvic management of acetabular fractures: an anatomical study and clinical evaluation.
ABSTRACT A new anterior intrapelvic approach for the surgical management of displaced acetabular fractures involving predominantly the anterior column and the quadrilateral plate is described. In order to establish five 'windows' for instrumentation, the extraperitoneal space is entered along the lateral border of the rectus abdominis muscle. This is the so-called 'Pararectus' approach. The feasibility of safe dissection and optimal instrumentation of the pelvis was assessed in five cadavers (ten hemipelves) before implementation in a series of 20 patients with a mean age of 59 years (17 to 90), of whom 17 were male. The clinical evaluation was undertaken between December 2009 and December 2010. The quality of reduction was assessed with post-operative CT scans and the occurrence of intra-operative complications was noted. In cadavers, sufficient extraperitoneal access and safe instrumentation of the pelvis were accomplished. In the patients, there was a statistically significant improvement in the reduction of the fracture (pre- versus post-operative: mean step-off 3.3 mm (sd 2.6) vs 0.1 mm (sd 0.3), p < 0.001; and mean gap 11.5 mm (sd 6.5) vs 0.8 mm (sd 1.3), p < 0.001). Lesions to the peritoneum were noted in two patients and minor vascular damage was noted in a further two patients. Multi-directional screw placement and various plate configurations were feasible in cadavers without significant retraction of soft tissues. In the treatment of acetabular fractures predominantly involving the anterior column and the quadrilateral plate, the Pararectus approach allowed anatomical restoration with minimal morbidity related to the surgical access.
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ABSTRACT: Since the 1960s the ilioinguinal approach by Letournel with the three anatomic windows has been successfully established for the treatment of acetabular fractures involving predominantly the anterior column. The previous standard approach, the iliofemoral approach by Smith-Petersen, is still used for the therapy of anterior wall or isolated femoral head fractures. The increase in acetabular fractures in the elderly with lateral compression fractures after lateral falls, characterized by medial displacement of the quadrilateral plate and superomedial dome impaction, led to the use of the intrapelvic modified Stoppa approach with or without the first window of the ilioinguinal approach in the 1990s. To combine the advantages of the second and third windows of the ilioinguinal approach and the medial view of the modified Stoppa approach the Berne research group recently introduced the pararectus approach in acetabular surgery, which can be used as a less invasive acetabular surgical (LIAS) technique especially in the elderly.Der Unfallchirurg 03/2013; 116(3):213-20. · 0.64 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background The modified Stoppa approach was introduced to manage fracture of the anterior column instead of the ilioinguinal approach to reduce morbidity. However there is no clinical evidence to confirm its efficiency. Therefore this study was designed to ascertain: (1) if the Stoppa approach versus ilioinguinal allows less blood loss, (2) if functional and radiological results are superior to that of the ilioinguinal approach, (3) if the rate of complication was different. Hypothesis The modified Stoppa approach allows less blood loss than the ilioinguinal in management of fractures of the anterior column of the acetabulum. Patients and methods Nineteen patients who were treated with the ilioinguinal approach (Group A) at a mean follow-up of 33 months and 17 patients who were treated with the modified Stoppa approach (Group B) at a mean follow-up of 28.9 months were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were called to the final follow-up examination, mean follow-up durations were set and the functional evaluation of patients was made with measurement of range of motion, Harris Hip Scores (HHS), and Merle D’Aubigné score. Results Average blood loss was determined at a mean 1170 mL (range, 750–2150 mL) in Group A and at a mean 1110 mL (range, 450–2000 mL) in Group B (P = 0.168). The mean HHS (group A = 89.4 [73–99] and group B = 88.4 [75–97]) and Merle D’Aubigné scores (group A = 16.8 [13–18] and group B = 16.5 [13–18]) showed no significant difference between the groups (P = 0.169). At the final follow-up, the mean hip flexion was found to be 106.83 ± 12.47 and the hip extension was 10.33 ± 6.12 in Group A, while these values were 103.71 ± 14.32 and 10.69 ± 8.17 in Group B (NS between groups regarding flexion [P = 0.678] and extension [P = 0.445]). The complication rate was 31% in Group A (6 patients) and 23% in Group B (4 patients) (P > 0.05). Discussion Both surgical approaches give successful results in the treatment of acetabular fractures. Contrary to expectations, there was no difference in the amount of bleeding at the wound site from the Stoppa technique, even though it is minimally invasive, compared to the ilioinguinal approach. Level of evidence Level III retrospective case control study.Orthopaedics & Traumatology Surgery & Research 10/2014; · 1.06 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Minimal invasive fixation has been reported as an alternative option for treatment of acetabular fractures to avoid blood loss and complications of extensive approaches. Closed reduction and percutaneous lag screw fixation can be done in minimally displaced acetabular fractures. Open reduction is indicated, if there is wide displacement. In this study, we report the use of a mini-open anterior approach to manipulate and reduce anteriorly displaced transverse acetabular fractures combined with percutaneous lag screw fixation. This report included eight patients. All had anterior displaced simple transverse acetabular fractures. An oblique mini-incision was made above and medial to the mid-inguinal point, and lateral to the lateral border of rectus abdominis muscle. The external abdominal oblique aponeurosis was incised along its fibres. The arched fibres of internal abdominal oblique were displaced medially above the inguinal ligament to expose and incise the fascia transversalis. Care was taken to avoid injury of ilioinguinal nerve, inferior epigastric vessels, and spermatic cord. The external iliac vessels were palpated and protected laterally. A blunt long bone impactor was introduced through this small incision to manipulate and reduce the fracture under fluoroscopic control. Fluoroscopic guided percutaneous lag screw fixation was done in all patients. The average time to operation was 4 days. Average blood loss was 110mL. Operative time averaged 95min. Maximum fracture displacement averaged 10mm preoperatively and 1.3mm postoperatively. According to Matta score, anatomical reduction of the fracture was achieved in five patients and imperfect in three. Follow up averaged 27 months. Wound healing occurred without complications and fracture union was achieved without secondary displacement in all patients. Average time to fracture healing was 14 weeks. According to the modified Merle d'Aubigné score, functional outcome was good to excellent in all patients. Limited open reduction can solve the problem of fracture reduction, which is the main concern in minimal invasive fixation of acetabular fractures. It may help the inclusion of displaced acetabular fractures for percutaneous lag screw fixation. This mini-para-rectus approach has the advantages of minimal soft tissue dissection with the possible anatomical reduction of simple transverse displaced acetabular fractures.Injury 02/2014; · 2.46 Impact Factor