Arthroscopy of the hip for paediatric and adolescent disorders CURRENT CONCEPTS
ABSTRACT Hip arthroscopy is particularly attractive in children as it confers advantages over arthrotomy or open surgery, such as shorter recovery time and earlier return to activity. Developments in surgical technique and arthroscopic instrumentation have enabled extension of arthroscopy of the hip to this age group. Potential challenges in paediatric and adolescent hip arthroscopy include variability in size, normal developmental change from childhood to adolescence, and conditions specific to children and adolescents and their various consequences. Treatable disorders include the sequelae of traumatic and sports-related hip joint injuries, Legg-Calve-Perthes' disease and slipped capital femoral epiphysis, and the arthritic and septic hip. Intra-articular abnormalities are rarely isolated and are often associated with underlying morphological changes. This review presents the current concepts of hip arthroscopy in the paediatric and adolescent patient, covering clinical assessment and investigation, indications and results of the experience to date, as well as technical challenges and future directions.
SourceAvailable from: N. BoninRevue de Chirurgie Orthopédique et Traumatologique 02/2015; 101(1). DOI:10.1016/j.rcot.2014.11.011
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) can lead to hip impingement, more or less rapidly depending on initial slippage severity and on surgical technique. Various surgical options are applicable, including in situ fixation (ISF). The aim of the present study was to look for long-term signs of radiological impingement in hips treated for SCFE by IFS, in order to identify a slip threshold beyond which impingement more regularly appears. A multicenter retrospective study assessed the clinical and radiological evolution of patients operated on by ISF for SCFE, with a minimum 10year's follow-up. Coxometric analysis of postoperative and last follow-up radiographs was performed. Functional outcome was assessed on Oxford hip score and radiographic osteoarthritis on the Tönnis classification. Alpha angle was measured on lateral views to highlight hip impingement. Two hundred and twenty-two hips were included, with a mean 11.2years' follow-up. Mean age at diagnosis was 12.8years. Mean preoperative Southwick angle was 38.8°, with 43% of hips at stage I, 42% at stage II and 15% at stage III. At latest follow-up, mean Oxford score was 14.86, with 88% of hips rated Tönnis 0 or I. Only 15 cases of impingement were diagnosed. There seemed to be a non-significant trend for hip impingement in SCFE exceeding 35°. ISF led to hip impingement in moderate to severe initial epiphyseal displacement. However, in smaller displacement, the consequences were milder, with perfectly satisfactory function scores and no clinical or radiological evidence of impingement. The threshold seemed to be around 35° slippage, beyond which other surgical options than ISF should be considered. Thus, it seems reasonable to propose isolated ISF in SCFE<35° and to treat symptomatic impingement by surgery in stage II slips. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.Orthopaedics & Traumatology Surgery & Research 01/2015; 101(1). DOI:10.1016/j.otsr.2014.12.004 · 1.17 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This is a Consensus Document of the Spanish Society of Paediatric Infectious Diseases (Sociedad Española de Infectología Pediatrica), Spanish Society of Paediatric Rheumatology (Sociedad Española de Reumatología Pediátrica) and the Spanish Society of Paediatric Orthopaedics (Sociedad Española de Ortopedia Pediátrica), on the treatment of uncomplicated acute osteomyelitis and septic arthritis. A review is presented on the medical and surgical treatment of acute osteoarticular infection, defined as a process with less than 14 days of symptomatology, uncomplicated and community-acquired. The different possible options are evaluated based on the best available scientific knowledge, and a number of evidence-based recommendations for clinical practice are provided. Copyright © 2014 Asociación Española de Pediatría. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.