Design and synthesis of thiourea compounds that inhibit transmembrane anchored carbonic anhydrases
ABSTRACT A library of 32 novel glycoconjugate thiourea-bridged benzene sulfonamides have been synthesized from the reaction of glycosyl isothiocyanates with a panel of simple benzene sulfonamides comprising either a free amine or hydrazide. All compounds were investigated for their ability to inhibit the enzymatic activity of five human carbonic anhydrase (hCA) isozymes: hCA I, II and membrane-associated isozymes IX, XII and XIV. A physicochemical feature of the free sugar thioureido glycoconjugates was high water solubility (> 20 mg/mL), as well many of these compounds exhibited a desirable potency and CA isozyme selectivity profile. From this library several inhibitors displayed excellent potency-selectivity profiles for transmembrane anchored CAs over off-target CA I and II. These molecules provide potential dual-acting candidates for the development of inhibitors that target the extracellular CAs (IX, XII and XIV)-either directly as free sugars (membrane impermeable) or indirectly as acetylated prodrugs, becoming free sugars upon esterase hydrolysis.
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ABSTRACT: Twenty new acyl thiourea derivatives of podophyllotoxin and 4'-demethylepipodophyllotoxin were prepared and screened for their cytotoxicity against four human tumor cell lines, A-549, DU-145, KB, and KBvin. With IC50 values of 0.098-1.13μM, compounds 13b, 13c, and 13o displayed much better cytotoxic activity than the control etoposide. Most importantly, 13b and 13o exhibited promising cytotoxicity against the drug resistant tumor cell line KBvin with IC50 values of 0.098 and 0.13μM, respectively, while etoposide lost activity completely. Structure-activity relationship (SAR) correlations of the new derivatives have been established. Compounds 13b and 13o merit further development as a new generation of epipodophyllotoxin-derived antitumor clinical trial candidates.Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry 02/2013; 21(8). DOI:10.1016/j.bmc.2013.01.069 · 2.95 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A series of 3-aroyl-1-(4-sulfamoylphenyl)thiourea derivatives containing sulfonamide moiety were designed and synthesized as 15-lipoxygenase (15-LOX) inhibitors. Most synthesized compounds showed potent activity against soybean 15-LOX with IC50 values less than 25 μM. The most potent compound 4c (3-methylbenzoyl derivative) with IC50 value of 1.8 μM was 10-fold more potent than quercetin. Interestingly, compound 4c also showed the highest antioxidant activity, as determined by ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assay. Its capacity for reducing ferric ion was more than ascorbic acid. The viability assay of the selected compound 4c against oxidative stress-induced cell death in differentiated PC12 cells revealed that compound 4c significantly protected neurons against cell death in low concentrations.European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 05/2014; 82C:308-313. DOI:10.1016/j.ejmech.2014.05.054 · 3.43 Impact Factor
Combinatorial Chemistry - an Online Journal 05/2009; 11(5):17-19. DOI:10.1016/j.comche.2009.04.001