Role of bone marrow transplantation for correcting hemophilia A in mice.
ABSTRACT To better understand cellular basis of hemophilia, cell types capable of producing FVIII need to be identified. We determined whether bone marrow (BM)-derived cells would produce cells capable of synthesizing and releasing FVIII by transplanting healthy mouse BM into hemophilia A mice. To track donor-derived cells, we used genetic reporters. Use of multiple coagulation assays demonstrated whether FVIII produced by discrete cell populations would correct hemophilia A. We found that animals receiving healthy BM cells survived bleeding challenge with correction of hemophilia, although donor BM-derived hepatocytes or endothelial cells were extremely rare, and these cells did not account for therapeutic benefits. By contrast, donor BM-derived mononuclear and mesenchymal stromal cells were more abundant and expressed FVIII mRNA as well as FVIII protein. Moreover, injection of healthy mouse Kupffer cells (liver macrophage/mononuclear cells), which predominantly originate from BM, or of healthy BM-derived mesenchymal stromal cells, protected hemophilia A mice from bleeding challenge with appearance of FVIII in blood. Therefore, BM transplantation corrected hemophilia A through donor-derived mononuclear cells and mesenchymal stromal cells. These insights into FVIII synthesis and production in alternative cell types will advance studies of pathophysiological mechanisms and therapeutic development in hemophilia A.
Article: Allogeneic bone marrow transplantation in a child with severe aplastic anemia and hemophilia A.Bone Marrow Transplantation 04/2006; 37(6):627-8. · 3.75 Impact Factor
Article: Correction of hemophilia as a proof of concept for treatment of monogenic diseases by fetal spleen transplantation.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Previous clinical attempts to correct genetic deficiencies such as hemophilia or Gaucher disease by transplantation of allogeneic spleen were associated with aggressive graft versus host disease, mediated by mature T cells derived from the donor spleen. We show that a fetal pig spleen harvested at the embryonic day 42 stage, before the appearance of T cells, exhibited optimal growth potential upon transplantation into SCID mice, and the growing tissue expressed factor VIII. Transplantation of embryonic day 42 spleen tissue into hemophilic SCID mice led to complete alleviation of hemophilia within 2-3 months after transplant, as demonstrated by tail bleeding and by assays for factor VIII blood levels. These results provide a proof of principle to the concept that transplantation of a fetal spleen, obtained from a developmental stage before the appearance of T cells, could provide a novel treatment modality for genetic deficiencies of an enzyme or a factor that can be replaced by the growing spleen tissue.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 01/2007; 103(50):19075-80. · 9.68 Impact Factor
Article: Factor VIII can be synthesized in hemophilia A mice liver by bone marrow progenitor cell-derived hepatocytes and sinusoidal endothelial cells.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Hemophilia A (HA) is caused by mutation in factor VIII (FVIII) gene in humans; it leads to inadequate synthesis of active protein. Liver is the primary site of FVIII synthesis; however, the specific cell types responsible for its synthesis remain controversial. We propose that the severity of the bleeding disorder could be ameliorated by partial replacement of mutated liver cells by healthy cells in HA mice. The aim of this investigation was to study the cellular origin of FVIII by examining bone marrow cell therapy for treatment of HA in mice. Recipient liver was perturbed with either acetaminophen or monocrotaline to facilitate the engraftment and differentiation of lineage-depleted (Lin(-)) enhanced green fluorescent protein-expressing bone marrow cells. Immunohistochemical analysis of liver tissue was conducted to identify the donor-derived cells that expressed FVIII. This identification was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy and quantitative gene expression analysis. The phenotypic correction in HA mice was determined by tail-clip challenge and FVIII level in plasma by Chromogenix and activated partial thromboplastin time assays. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that von Willebrand factor and cytokeratin-18-expressing endothelial cells and hepatocytes, respectively, were obtained from BM-derived cells. Both cell types expressed FVIII light chain mRNA and protein, which was further confirmed by transmission electron microscopy. The transplanted HA mice showed FVIII activity in plasma (P<0.01) and survived tail-clip challenge (P<0.001). Thus, we conclude that BM-derived hepatocytes and endothelial cells can synthesize FVIII in liver and correct bleeding phenotype in HA mice.Stem cells and development 06/2011; 21(1):110-20. · 4.15 Impact Factor