[Risk of injury to children's fingers in power-operated motor vehicle windows.]
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: This study examines the dimensions of children's fingers and the risk of jam injuries in a 4-mm gap between glass and gasket of power-operated motor vehicle windows. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The diameter of the proximal, middle, and distal phalanx and of the proximal and distal interphalangeal joint of each finger of the right hand of 160 children was measured in a cross-sectional investigation. Six different drawings in cross section of gaskets and glass window panes of current motor vehicle side door windows at a vertical gap of 4 mm were drawn in correct proportion. The larger actual width of the oblique gap between window glass and gasket was measured and related to the diameters of children's fingers. RESULTS: Almost all fingers and joints fit in the largest actual gap of 18 mm between glass and gasket of one seal design. CONCLUSION: The European guideline 74/60/EWG specifications currently pertaining to closing force restriction do not eliminate the risk of potentially serious injury to children's fingers in motor vehicle power windows.
Article: [Finger replantation in children].[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The possibility of replantation is discussed for children's amputation injuries. The use of this technique is also indicated for multiple amputations and severe crush injuries. More than half of the replanted fingers healed successfully. Since the existence of the Replantation centre of the Klinikum Rechts der Isar, over 600 operations of separated limbs were performed. The healing rate of totally and subtotally separated limbs of adults was 87%. The attempt was made to replant separated digits of 14 children, aged from 1 to 8 years, with microvascular anastomoses. The grade of injuries and the minimal size of anatomic structures demand a particularly high standard of the operative standard. Replantation was also indicated for badly squashed and contaminated limbs.Zeitschrift für plastische Chirurgie 07/1980; 4(2):90-3.
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ABSTRACT: Injury is our children's greatest health problem, and pediatricians will frequently see finger and hand injuries in the office and emergency room. Many of these will be fingertip crush injuries, which are quite common in toddlers and are often undertreated. Pediatric finger and wrist fractures and sprains generally do well but require proper diagnosis and treatment. Innocent-looking wounds from glass lacerations may disguise extensive damage to underlying nerves, arteries, and tendons. Advances in microsurgery allow replantation of distal amputations even in young children and infants, although often not without complications. Thermal injuries and animal bites require early and aggressive treatment. As with many pediatric hand injuries, these injuries should be preventable, and the adverse consequences can be minimized with appropriate diagnosis and management.Current Opinion in Pediatrics 03/1995; 7(1):83-7. · 2.63 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The rates of survival of the amputated part and the functional outcomes were studied retrospectively after seventy-three replantations and eighty-nine revascularizations in the upper extremity in 120 children. All operations were performed between January 1974 and December 1988 after partial and complete amputations at various levels. The ages of the patients ranged from three days to sixteen years. The average duration of follow-up was thirty-six months (range, fourteen months to seven years) for the patients who had had a replantation and thirty months (range, fourteen months to eight years) for the patients who had had a revascularization. The rate of survival of the amputated part was significantly higher (p < 0.0002) after revascularization (seventy-eight parts [88 per cent]) than after replantation (forty-six parts [63 per cent]). There was no association, for either group, between survival and the preoperative duration of ischemia, the level of the injury, the digit that had been injured, the number of arteries that had been repaired, or the use of venous grafts. The rate of survival after replantation of completely amputated parts was 72 per cent (twenty-eight of thirty-nine parts) when the amputation had resulted from a laceration injury and 53 per cent (eighteen of thirty-four parts) when the amputation had resulted from a crush or an avulsion injury. The rate of survival after revascularization of incompletely amputated parts was 100 per cent (all forty-five parts) when the injury had been the result of a laceration and 75 per cent (thirty-three of forty-four parts) when it had been the result of a crush or an avulsion. We did not find any relationship between the age of the patient and the rate of survival of the amputated part after revascularization; however, there was a significantly higher rate of survival (p , 0.02) after replantation in children who were less than nine years old (77 per cent [twenty-four of thirty-one parts]) compared with the rate in those who were nine to sixteen years old (52 per cent [twenty-two of forty-two parts]). The viability of the digit was in jeopardy after twenty-nine (40 per cent) of the seventy-three replantations and nineteen (21 per cent) of the eighty-nine revascularizations. Immediate reoperation resulted in the salvage of only two of the twenty-one replanted parts and six of the twelve revascularized parts that had a reoperation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 12/1994; 76(12):1766-76. · 3.23 Impact Factor