Article

Undifferentiated sarcoma of the liver: a rare pediatric tumor.

Division of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Tawam Hospital, Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates.
Annals of Saudi medicine (Impact Factor: 1.1). 01/2012; 32(2):203-5.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Undifferentiated embryonal sarcoma of the liver (UESL) is an uncommon hepatic tumor of mesenchymal origin recognized as a unique clinicopathologic entity since 1978. UESL has historically been considered an aggressive neoplasm with an unfavorable prognosis. Survival has improved using recent multimodal approaches, designed for patients with soft tissue sarcomas at other sites. Several small series have reported survival of up to 70% of children. We report a case of a 12-year-old boy from the United Arab Emirates who relapsed after complete surgical resection and was then successfully treated with re-resection followed by chemotherapy and radiotherapy. With a follow-up of 5 years, he is well and asymptomatic, and is leading a healthy life. This case emphasizes the fact that these poorly prognostic tumors may benefit from post-surgery chemotherapy. This case illustrates the improved survival of UESL patients following the multimodality therapy with a relatively long follow-up. This is the first case of UESL reported in this region of the world.

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    ABSTRACT: In order to improve the diagnosis and therapy of undifferentiated embryonal liver sarcoma (UELS), the present study presents the case of a 9-year-old female with UELS and discusses UELS in childhood. The patient presented with abdominal pain and fever. The laboratory tests, radiographic examination and pathological features presented by the female were similar to those of typical cases of UELS reported in childhood. The patient initially received surgical treatment and the immunohistochemical findings suggested that the patient had UELS. The patient's parents refused adjuvant chemotherapy and demonstrated a right prerenal mass 6 months post-surgery. Microscopic examination revealed that the tumor was evidence of undifferentiated embryonal sarcoma recurrence. However, the patient was comfortable and physical examination revealed no abnormal conditions. In addition, the laboratory results were normal. Abdominal computed tomography scan and ultrasound were performed every 3 months to monitor the tumor recurrence. At the time of writing, it has been 6 months after the second surgical procedure and there has been no appearence of abnormalities. Previous studies have shown that patients who receive combined therapy with complete tumor resection and adjuvant chemotherapy have a longer survival time than those who undergo surgical therapy alone. Complete tumor resection combined with adjuvant chemotherapy may reduce the risk of recurrence and enhance the survival time in patients with UELS.
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