17β-Estradiol stimulates the translocation of endogenous estrogen receptor α at the plasma membrane of normal anterior pituitary cells.
ABSTRACT In the present work we aimed at identifying ERα in the plasma membrane of normal anterior pituitary cells and investigated if 17β-estradiol was able to induce their subcellular redistribution. Our results show that about 8% of anterior pituitary cells expressed ERα in the plasma membrane, with the geometrical mean fluorescence intensity being increased after steroid hormone treatment. 17β-Estradiol and the selective ERα agonist PPT induced an increase of ERα expression in the plasma membrane and activated the PKCα/ERK 1/2 pathway in a time-course not compatible with genomic actions, thus supporting the notion of membrane-initiated effects. These findings suggest that 17β-estradiol stimulates the translocation of endogenous ERα to the plasma membrane, consequently modulating this ER pool and leading to cellular biological effects in normal anterior pituitary gland.
- Nature 02/1977; 265(5589):69-72. · 38.60 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A 5.2-kb mRNA band that contains estrogen receptor (ER) sequence and exhibits sex- and tissue-specific expression has been identified in rat pituitary via Northern analysis; this band is composed of at least two distinctive ER mRNA isoforms. This mRNA is expressed in high levels in female pituitary but is absent in male pituitary and uterus, whereas the mRNA encoding the full-length receptor (6.2 kb) is expressed in all the aforementioned tissues. Estradiol treatment potently induces the expression of the 5.2-kb band in the male pituitary. Oligonucleotide hybridization and ribonuclease-protection experiments indicate that the pituitary ER variant is missing exons 1-4. Two corresponding cDNA clones, truncated estrogen receptor product 1 and 2 (TERP-1 and TERP-2), were isolated by using the anchored PCR. Both sequences contain a 31-bp segment of specific sequence upstream of exon 5; TERP-2, however, contains an additional 66 bp of specific sequence between the 31-bp segment and exon 5. On Northern analysis, probes complementary to the 31-bp segment of specific sequence hybridize only to the 5.2-kb band. Immunoblotting identified several proteins in rat pituitary that could represent the translation products of these or related transcripts. In summary, several ER isoforms have been identified that exhibit both tissue-specific expression and marked estrogen regulation and differ from full-length receptor by virtue of sequence upstream of the exon 4/5 boundary. Physiologically, the putative proteins encoded by these or similar isoforms might be important modulators of the tissue- and promoter-specific effects of estradiol.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 06/1995; 92(10):4367-71. · 9.74 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Estrogenic hormones, believed to exert most of their effects via the direct interaction of their receptors with chromatin, are found to increase cAMP in target breast cancer and uterine cells in culture and in the intact uterus in vivo. Increases in intracellular cAMP are evoked by very low concentrations of estradiol (half maximal at 10 pM) and by other physiologically active estrogens and antiestrogens, but not by an inactive estrogen stereoisomer. These increases in cAMP result from enhanced membrane adenylate cyclase activity by a mechanism that does not involve genomic actions of the hormones (are not blocked by inhibitors of RNA and protein synthesis). The estrogen-stimulated levels of cAMP are sufficient to activate transcription from cAMP response element-containing genes and reporter plasmid constructs. Our findings document a nongenomic action of estrogenic hormones that involves the activation of an important second-messenger signaling system and suggest that estrogen regulation of cAMP may provide an additional mechanism by which this steroid hormone can alter the expression of genes.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 09/1994; 91(18):8517-21. · 9.74 Impact Factor