Article

Minor manifestations of periodontal diseases in young adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Periodontal and microbiological findings.

Department of Periodontology , Postgraduate Education Center, County of Örebro , Sweden.
Acta odontologica Scandinavica (Impact Factor: 1.31). 02/2012; 70(6):589-96. DOI: 10.3109/00016357.2011.640288
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Abstract Objective. The aim of this study was to evaluate periodontal status and microbiological conditions in young adults with insulin-dependent diabetes (IDDM) in comparison with age- and sex-matched non-diabetic controls. Materials and methods. Forty-one patients, 18-24 years of age with IDDM since childhood, were examined and the results were compared to those of a group of 41 sex- and age-matched non-diabetic controls. According to the HbA(1c) %, the group of diabetic patients was divided into two groups, with good or poor metabolic control. Results. Periodontal health, expressed in probing pocket depths and marginal bone loss, was fairly good in all patients. Fifty per cent of the patients in the study and control groups displayed probing pocket depths ≥4 mm, mostly pocket depths 4 mm. These findings were also equally distributed among the patients with good and poor metabolic control. No significant differences were found between the groups regarding bleeding on probing, but in the number of sites with excessive bleeding the study group exhibited higher scores than the healthy controls. Different microbiological species were equally distributed between the groups. Conclusion. Neither periodontal nor microbiological status in young adults with IDDM differs from that of healthy controls.

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    ABSTRACT: Background The aim of the study was to analyze how metabolic control of type 1 diabetes is related to clinical and microbiological periodontal parameters. Material/Methods The study involved 56 subjects aged from 19 to 50 years divided into 2 groups: healthy subjects (the H group), and diabetic (type 1 diabetes) patients with chronic untreated generalized periodontitis (the DM group). The glycosylated hemoglobin value (HbA1c) was determined using the UniCel DxC 800 SYNCHRON System (Beckman Coulter, USA), and the concentration in blood was measured by the turbidimetric immunoinhibition method. A molecular genetic assay (Micro-IDent plus, Germany) was used to detect periodontopathogenic bacteria in plaque samples. Periodontitis was confirmed by clinical and radiological examination. Results Fusobacterium nucleatum, Capnocytophaga species, and Eikenella corrodens were the most frequently found bacteria in dental plaque samples (77.8%, 66.7%, and 33.4%, respectively), whereas Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans was identified 40.7% less frequently in the DM group than in the H group. The strongest relationship was observed between the presence of 2 periodontal pathogens – F. nucleatum and Capnocytophaga spp. – and poorer metabolic control in type 1 diabetes patients (HbA1c) and all clinical parameters of periodontal pathology. Conclusions Periodontal disease was more evident in type 1 diabetic patients, and the prevalence of periodontitis was greatly increased in subjects with poorer metabolic control.
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