[Lymphocele and renal transplantation].
ABSTRACT Lymphoceles are a well-known surgical complication of kidney transplantation. We retrospectively analyzed patients with lymphoceles among our renal transplant recipients. During the last 39 years, we performed 922 renal transplantations. Lymphoceles were diagnosed and treated in 45 (4.9%) patients. We used the following methods: percutaneous drainage with instillation of povidone-iodide in 36 (80%), percutaneous drainage with instillation of tetracycline in one (2.2%), percutaneous aspiration in four (8.9%) and surgical treatment in four (8.9%) patients. In all four (8.9%) patients with relapse, secondary procedure was successful. In total, open surgery was done in five (11.1%) and laparoscopy in four (8.9%) patients. Percutaneous drainage of lymphoceles, with or without the instillation of a sclerosant, is the first-line treatment. Laparoscopic fenestration of lymphoceles has become an alternative to percutaneous drainage, especially in case of post-drainage relapse.