Normal rat intestinal cells IEC-18: characterization and transfection with immortalizing oncogenes.
ABSTRACT IEC-18 cells, a cell line derived from the ileum of rat intestine, have the characteristics of normal cells since they have a contact inhibited cell growth, do not form colonies in soft agar and are not tumorigenic when injected in nude mice. IEC-18 cells were transfected with nuclear oncogenes, c-myc, v-myc and SV40 T antigen in order to obtain immortal cell lines. Independent clones were isolated and characterized for the growth properties. Expression of v-myc altered the morphology of the cells and shortened the doubling time. A slow growth together with a low cloning efficiency was associated with the expression of SV40 T antigen. No changes either in growth or in morphology were observed in c-myc-expressing IEC-18 cells. Expression of these nuclear oncogenes did not result in the neoplastic transformation of the IEC-18 cells, since none of the clones lost the anchorage dependence or were able to form tumors in vivo. The c-myc-containing IEC-18 cells were unable to secrete in the growth medium TGF α and exposure to TGF β inhibited the growth rate by 30%. All these observations are consistent with the conclusion that the expression of nuclear oncogenes does not lead to the neoplastic transformation of these cells.
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ABSTRACT: Listeria monocytogenes is a food-borne pathogenic bacterium that invades intestinal epithelial cells through a phagocytic pathway that relies on activation of host cell RAB5 GTPases. L. monocytogenes must subsequently inhibit RAB5, however, in order to escape lysosome-mediated destruction. Relatively little is known about upstream RAB5 regulators during L. monocytogenes entry and phagosome escape processes in epithelial cells. Here we identify RIN1, a RAS effector and RAB5-directed GEF, as a host cell factor in L. monocytogenes infection. RIN1 is rapidly engaged following L. monocytogenes infection and is required for efficient invasion of intestinal epithelial cells. RIN1-mediated RAB5 activation later facilitates the fusion of phagosomes with lysosomes, promoting clearance of bacteria from the host cell. These results suggest that RIN1 is a host cell regulator that performs counterbalancing functions during early and late stages of L. monocytogenes infection, ultimately favoring pathogen clearance.Traffic 07/2014; 15(11). DOI:10.1111/tra.12204 · 4.71 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Triterpenoids are known to induce apoptosis and to be anti-tumoural. Maslinic acid, a pentacyclic triterpene, is present in high concentrations in olive pomace. This study examines the response of HT29 and Caco-2 colon-cancer cell lines to maslinic-acid treatment. At concentrations inhibiting cell growth by 50-80% (IC50HT29=61+/-1 microM, IC80HT29=76+/-1 microM and IC50Caco-2=85+/-5 microM, IC80Caco-2=116+/-5 microM), maslinic acid induced strong G0/G1 cell-cycle arrest and DNA fragmentation, and increased caspase-3 activity. However, maslinic acid did not alter the cell cycle or induce apoptosis in the non-tumoural intestine cell lines IEC-6 and IEC-18. Moreover, maslinic acid induced cell differentiation in colon adenocarcinoma cells. These findings support a role for maslinic acid as a tumour suppressant and as a possible new therapeutic tool for aberrant cell proliferation in the colon. In this report, we demonstrate for the first time that, in tumoural cancer cells, maslinic acid exerts a significant anti-proliferation effect by inducing an apoptotic process characterized by caspase-3 activation by a p53-independent mechanism, which occurs via mitochondrial disturbances and cytochrome c release.FEBS Letters 12/2006; 580(27):6302-6310. DOI:10.1016/j.febslet.2006.10.038 · 3.34 Impact Factor