Normal rat intestinal cells IEC-18: characterization and transfection with immortalizing oncogenes.
ABSTRACT IEC-18 cells, a cell line derived from the ileum of rat intestine, have the characteristics of normal cells since they have a contact inhibited cell growth, do not form colonies in soft agar and are not tumorigenic when injected in nude mice. IEC-18 cells were transfected with nuclear oncogenes, c-myc, v-myc and SV40 T antigen in order to obtain immortal cell lines. Independent clones were isolated and characterized for the growth properties. Expression of v-myc altered the morphology of the cells and shortened the doubling time. A slow growth together with a low cloning efficiency was associated with the expression of SV40 T antigen. No changes either in growth or in morphology were observed in c-myc-expressing IEC-18 cells. Expression of these nuclear oncogenes did not result in the neoplastic transformation of the IEC-18 cells, since none of the clones lost the anchorage dependence or were able to form tumors in vivo. The c-myc-containing IEC-18 cells were unable to secrete in the growth medium TGF α and exposure to TGF β inhibited the growth rate by 30%. All these observations are consistent with the conclusion that the expression of nuclear oncogenes does not lead to the neoplastic transformation of these cells.
- SourceAvailable from: José Antonio Lupiáñez[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Triterpenoids are known to induce apoptosis and to be anti-tumoural. Maslinic acid, a pentacyclic triterpene, is present in high concentrations in olive pomace. This study examines the response of HT29 and Caco-2 colon-cancer cell lines to maslinic-acid treatment. At concentrations inhibiting cell growth by 50-80% (IC50HT29=61+/-1 microM, IC80HT29=76+/-1 microM and IC50Caco-2=85+/-5 microM, IC80Caco-2=116+/-5 microM), maslinic acid induced strong G0/G1 cell-cycle arrest and DNA fragmentation, and increased caspase-3 activity. However, maslinic acid did not alter the cell cycle or induce apoptosis in the non-tumoural intestine cell lines IEC-6 and IEC-18. Moreover, maslinic acid induced cell differentiation in colon adenocarcinoma cells. These findings support a role for maslinic acid as a tumour suppressant and as a possible new therapeutic tool for aberrant cell proliferation in the colon. In this report, we demonstrate for the first time that, in tumoural cancer cells, maslinic acid exerts a significant anti-proliferation effect by inducing an apoptotic process characterized by caspase-3 activation by a p53-independent mechanism, which occurs via mitochondrial disturbances and cytochrome c release.FEBS Letters 12/2006; 580(27):6302-6310. · 3.58 Impact Factor