Measuring the severity of infantile hemangiomas: instrument development and reliability.
ABSTRACT To develop instruments that measure the severity of infantile hemangiomas (Hemangioma Severity Scale [HSS]) and the complications of infantile hemangiomas for longitudinal use (Hemangioma Dynamic Complication Scale [HDCS]).
Instrument development and reliability study.
The HSS and the HDCS were developed through the collaborative effort of members of the Hemangioma Investigator Group Research Core, an expert multi-institutional research group. After development of the scales, 13 pediatric dermatologists used the HSS to score 20 different hemangiomas. In addition, 12 pediatric dermatologists used the HDCS to score hemangioma-related complications for 24 clinical scenarios. Interrater and intrarater reliability was measured for both scales.
Interrater and intrarater reliability.
For the HSS, interrater reliability and intrarater reliability exceeded 99%. Similarly, the HDCS had a high rate of interrater agreement; for individual items, agreement among raters was 67% to 100%, with most clinical scenarios demonstrating greater than 90% agreement. Intrarater reliability was excellent for all individual items of the HDCS.
The HSS and the HDCS are reliable scales that can be used to measure the severity of infantile hemangiomas, including the severity of complications for longitudinal use.
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ABSTRACT: Propranolol has replaced corticosteroids as preferred first-line therapy for the management of infantile hemangiomas (IH). The topical β-blocker timolol is now an alternative to oral propranolol and watchful waiting for smaller IH. Research in the last decade has provided evidence-based data about natural history, epidemiology, and syndromes associated with IH. The most pressing issue for the clinician treating children with IH is to understand current data to develop an individualized risk stratification for each patient and determine the likelihood of complications and need for treatment. This article emphasizes the nuances of complicated clinical presentations and current treatment recommendations.Pediatric Clinics of North America 04/2014; 61(2):383-402. DOI:10.1016/j.pcl.2013.11.010 · 2.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background: Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are common and mostly emerge in the head-neck area. Recently, propranolol has been replacing oral corticosteroids (OCS) as the main treatment modality. Objectives: The aim of this study was to explore the impact of treatment, contentment with treatment outcome and quality of life for families and patients with cervicofacial IHs, treated with propranolol versus OCS. Materials and Methods: This study was performed using questionnaires administered by a phone interview. Parents of 16 patients with a cervicofacial IH treated by OCS and 16 patients with an IH of similar localization and overall severity treated with propranolol were interviewed. The questions concerned the impact of treatment at different time periods and the contentment with treatment results. Parents were also asked to give a quality of life (QoL) score (1 to 10) for different time-points. Results: Parents from the OCS group seemed to feel significantly more worried during treatment. Moreover, parents from the propranolol group perceived less negative impact on normal life issues, including work and vaccination of their child. During and after treatment, the parents of propranolol-treated IH patients gave significantly higher QoL scores. Conclusion: Propranolol seems to change the impact of IHs, their treatment and the quality of life. Propranolol treatment interferes less with normal issues in daily life, compared to OCS. These findings underline propranolol as the first choice treatment for life- or function-threatening IHs.11/2013; DOI:10.1684/ejd.2013.2176
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ABSTRACT: IMPORTANCE While propranolol is touted as superior to prednisolone for treating infantile hemangiomas (IH), a randomized clinical trial (RCT) comparing the outcome and tolerability of these medications for symptomatic, proliferating IH has not been reported. OBJECTIVES To determine if oral propranolol is more efficacious and better tolerated than prednisolone in treating symptomatic, proliferating IH and to determine the feasibility of conducting a multi-institutional, RCT comparing efficacy and tolerability of both medications. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Phase 2, investigator-blinded, multi-institutional RCT conducted in 3 academic vascular anomalies clinics on 19 of 44 eligible infants aged between 2 weeks and 6 months. All participating patients had symptomatic proliferating IH treated between September 1, 2010, and August 1, 2012. INTERVENTIONS Treatment with oral propranolol vs prednisolone (2.0 mg/kg/d) until halted owing to toxic effects or clinical response. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES Primary outcome was change in IH size after 4 months of therapy. Secondary outcomes were response rate and frequency and severity of adverse events (AEs). RESULTS The primary outcome showed no difference in lesion size or affected skin area after 4 months of therapy: 41% and 1.32 mm2 for prednisolone vs 64% and 0.55 mm2 for propranolol (P = .12 for lesion size, and P = .56 for affected skin area). Longitudinal analyses showed a faster response in total lesion outer dimension with prednisolone (P = .03), but this advantage over time was not noted when central clearing and outer dimension were included in the analysis (P = .91). The overall frequency of AEs was similar (44 for prednisolone vs 32 for propranolol) (P = .84), but prednisolone-treated participants had more grade 3 severe AEs (11 vs 1) (P = .01), particularly growth retardation resulting in size and weight below the fifth percentile. Early study withdrawal owing to AEs occurred in 6 (75%) of 8 patients in the prednisolone group but 0 of 11 propranolol-treated participants. The mean duration of therapy was shorter for prednisolone (141 vs 265 days), reflecting the higher rate of early withdrawals. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE Both medications show similar efficacy for reducing the area of symptomatic, proliferating IH. Although prednisolone showed a faster response rate, propranolol was better tolerated with significantly fewer severe AEs. Propranolol should be the first line of therapy for symptomatic IH unless contraindicated or unless future studies demonstrate severe AEs from propranolol. Recruiting participants for a phase 3 RCT would be difficult owing to safety profiles measured here and emerging trends favoring propranolol. TRIAL REGISTRATION clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT00967226.02/2014; 140(4). DOI:10.1001/jamaoto.2013.6723