Soluble HSPB1 regulates VEGF-mediated angiogenesis through their direct interaction
ABSTRACT Endothelial cell function is critical for angiogenic balance in both physiological and pathological conditions, such as wound healing and cancer, respectively. We report here that soluble heat shock protein beta-1 (HSPB1) is released primarily from endothelial cells (ECs), and plays a key role in regulating angiogenic balance via direct interaction with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). VEGF-mediated phosphorylation of intracellular HSPB1 inhibited the secretion of HSPB1 and their binding activity in ECs. Interestingly, co-culture of tumor ECs with tumor cells decreased HSPB1 secretion from tumor ECs, suggesting that inhibition of HSPB1 secretion allows VEGF to promote angiogenesis. Additionally, neutralization of HSPB1 in a primary mouse sarcoma model promoted tumor growth, indicating the anti-angiogenic role of soluble HSPB1. Overexpression of HSPB1 by HSPB1 adenovirus was sufficient to suppress lung metastases of CT26 colon carcinoma in vivo, while neutralization of HSPB1 promoted in vivo wound healing. While VEGF-induced regulation of angiogenesis has been studied extensively, these findings illustrate the key contribution of HSPB1-VEGF interactions in the balance between physiological and pathological angiogenesis.
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ABSTRACT: Calcification of aortic valves results in valvular aortic stenosis and is becoming a common valvular condition in elderly populations. An understanding of the molecular mechanisms of this valve lesion is important for revealing potential biomarkers associated with the development and progression of this disease. In order to identify proteins that are differentially expressed in calcific aortic valves (CAVs) compared with those in adjacent normal valvular tissues, comprehensive analysis of differentially expressed proteins in the tissues was done by a quantitative proteomic approach with isobaric tag for absolute and relative quantitation labeling followed by nanoliquid chromatography matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry. The proteomic analysis revealed 105 proteins differentially expressed in CAVs in contrast to adjacent normal valvular tissues with high confidence. Significantly increased expression (>_1.3-fold) was found in 34 proteins, whereas decreased expression (<0.77-fold) was found in 39 proteins in CAVs. Among them, α-2-HS-glycoprotein showed the greatest increase in expression (6.54-fold) and tenascin-X showed the greatest decrease in expression (0.37-fold). Numerous extracellular matrix proteins such as collagens were identified as proteins with significantly decreased expression. Panther pathway analysis showed that some of the identified proteins were linked to blood coagulation and integrin signaling pathways. Cluster analysis of the 105 proteins differentially expressed in CAVs based on the expression pattern revealed that tenascin-X was clustered with proteins controlling collagen structure and function, especially collagen fibrillogenesis, such as decorin and fibromodulin. We confirmed decreased levels of these proteins in CAVs by Western blot analyses. These results indicated that massive destruction of the extracellular matrix occurs in CAVs.Connective tissue research 07/2012; 53(6). DOI:10.3109/03008207.2012.702818 · 1.98 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background: A great number of in vitro and in vivo studies have suggested that many pathways or factors can stimulate angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis, which facilitate tumor progression and metastasis. However, the morphological and immunohistochemical profile of newly formed vasculatures has not been elucidated, making it difficult to differentiate them from the pre-existing ones, and to identify their unique molecular profiles for diagnosis and therapeutic interventions.Experimental findings: As cytokeratin (CK)-19 is a well-recognized stem cell marker and CK-19-positive cells are frequently detected in the peripheral blood of patients with metastatic cancer, our recent studies have assessed the involvement of CK-19 in the formation of new vasculatures in primary colorectal cancer (CRC) tissues. Our studies showed that a subset of lymph node-positive cases harbored some isolated normal epithelial structures with distinct CK-19 immunostaining within an otherwise CK-19-negative background. These structures are exclusively located within or adjacent to lymphoid follicles and are often surrounded by tube-like structures expressing lymphatic endothelial marker D2-40. Similar structures are more frequently seen at the junctions between pre-invasive and invasive CRC with the following features: (1). they consist of a single layer of endothelial cells that express both D2-40 and CD34, (2). their endothelial walls are often incomplete with disseminated cells protruding into the adjacent stroma, and (3). they are exclusively associated with disseminated CK-19-positive cellsHypothesis: Based on these findings, we propose that these tube-like structures represent newly formed vasculatures, which are derived by the convergence of aberrant lymphocyte infiltration and tumor stem cells. Because of their close physical proximity, tumor stem cells within the epithelial and stromal components contribute equally and coordinately to the morphogenesis of new vasculatures, which constitutes the basis for the unique morphologic and immunohistochemical features of newly formed vasculatures. Our hypothesis appears to be applicable to all epithelium-derived cancers.International journal of biological sciences 10/2012; 8(8):1206-16. DOI:10.7150/ijbs.5147 · 4.37 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Abstract Purpose: Radiation-induced cardiovascular disease is a potentially severe side effect of thoracic radiotherapy treatment. Clinically, this delayed side effect presents as a form of accelerated atherosclerosis several years after irradiation. As general endothelial dysfunction is known to be an initiating event in radiation-induced vascular damage, we examined the effects of radiation on endothelial cells in radiation-induced atherosclerosis. Materials and Methods: The effects of radiation on human aortic endothelial cells (HAoECs) were assessed by immunoblotting and immunofluorescence assays. Radiation-induced phenotypic changes of endothelial cells (ECs) were examined using atherosclerotic tissues of irradiated apoprotein E null (ApoE(-/-)) mice. Results: Radiation induced the HAoECs to undergo phenotypic conversion to form fibroblast-like cells, called the endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT), which leads to the upregulation of mesenchymal cell markers such as alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), fibroblast specific protein-1 (FSP-1), and vimentin, and downregulation of endothelial cell-specific markers such as CD31 and vascular endothelial (VE)-cadherin. Furthermore, compared with LDL, oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) significantly augmented radiation-induced EndMT in HAoECs. These fibrotic phenotypes of ECs were found in atherosclerotic tissues of irradiated ApoE(-/-) mice with increased levels of ox-LDL. Conclusions: Taken together, these observations suggest that ox-LDL accelerates radiation-induced EndMT and subsequently contributes to radiation-induced atherosclerosis, providing a novel target for the prevention of radiation-induced atherosclerosis.International Journal of Radiation Biology 01/2013; DOI:10.3109/09553002.2013.763193 · 1.84 Impact Factor