Rare suprasellar glioblastoma: report of two cases and review of the literature.
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: The suprasellar and hypothalamic/chiasmatic regions can harbor a broad range of pathologic conditions, both neoplastic and nonneoplastic; however, malignant gliomas are extremely rare in those regions. CLINICAL PRESENTATIONS: Patient 1 was a 70 year-old man with weight loss and rapidly progressive visual impairment. A mass centered in the hypothalamus was detected on magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. The second patient, a 45 year-old woman, complained of visual symptoms and headaches. MR imaging revealed a combined intra- and suprasellar mass. In both instances, the preoperative differential diagnosis favored craniopharyngioma. Histological examination confirmed the diagnosis of glioblastoma. CONCLUSION: We report two rare adult cases of hypothalamic/chiasmatic glioblastoma. The authors review the literature, highlighting the importance of considering this rare entity in the differential diagnosis of suprasellar and hypothalamic lesions.
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ABSTRACT: The diagnosis of malignant glioma of the optic nerves and chiasm may be difficult because these rare lesions may mimic other suprasellar lesions. We report a case of glioblastoma multiforme of the optic chiasm in which the appearance of the lesion on computed tomographic (CT) scan was consistent with that of craniopharyngioma or cystic pituitary adenoma. We suggest that malignant optic glioma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of an adult with progressive visual loss of rapid onset, even when ophthalmological examination strongly suggests extrinsic compression of the anterior optic pathways and when the CT scan apparently indicates a cystic mass lesion.Neurosurgery 01/1983; 11(6):787-9. · 2.53 Impact Factor
Article: Malignant optic glioma of adulthood.Brain 02/1973; 96(1):121-32. · 9.92 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Diabetes insipidus and anterior pituitary dysfunction, are familiar central nervous system (CNS) complications of Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) but the pathophysiology and biological behaviour of other forms of CNS involvement in LCH are poorly understood. In an attempt to improve our understanding of these rare complications, we studied 23 patients with LCH in whom neuroradiological abnormalities, with or without neurological dysfunction other than diabetes insipidus, developed during the course of disease. Neuroradiological abnormalities were of three basic types (a) poorly-defined changes in white matter, (b) well-defined changes in white and grey matter and (c) extra-parenchymal "tumoural" masses. There was a profusion of associated neurological signs and symptoms in most cases but some patients were asymptomatic. The neuropathological features were complex but infiltration of the CNS by histiocytes with xanthomatous change, particularly prominent in mass lesions, was common in the 13 cases in which biopsies were done. Patients with lytic lesions of the skull and diabetes insipidus are evidently most at risk of developing these rare manifestations of LCH. Therapeutic questions could not be answered from this study because no standard treatment had been given and outcome varied widely.The British journal of cancer. Supplement 10/1994; 23:S24-8.