Involvement of P2X4 receptor in P2X7 receptor-dependent cell death of mouse macrophages.
ABSTRACT Interaction of P2X7 receptor with P2X4 receptor has recently been suggested, but it remains unclear whether P2X4 receptor is involved in P2X7 receptor-mediated events, such as cell death of macrophages induced by high concentrations of extracellular ATP. Here, we present evidence that P2X4 receptor does play a role in P2X7 receptor-dependent cell death. Treatment of mouse macrophage RAW264.7 cells with 1mM ATP induced Ca(2+) influx, non-selective large pore formation, activation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) 1/2 and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), and cell death via activation of P2X7 receptor. P2X4-knockdown cells, established by transfecting RAW264.7 cells with two short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) targeting P2X4 receptor, showed a decrease of the initial peak of intracellular Ca(2+) after treatment with ATP, though pore formation and the P2X7-mediated activation of ERK1/2 and p38 MAPK were not affected. Intriguingly, P2X4 knockdown resulted in significant suppression of cell death induced by ATP or P2X7 agonist BzATP. In conclusion, our results suggest that P2X4 receptor is involved in P2X7 receptor-mediated cell death, but not pore formation or MAPK signaling.