MHC class I-related antigen-processing machinery component defects in feline mammary carcinoma.
ABSTRACT Defects in HLA class I antigen-processing machinery (APM) component expression and/or function are frequent in human tumors. These defects may provide tumor cells with a mechanism to escape from recognition and destruction by HLA class I antigen-restricted, tumor antigen-specific cytotoxic T cells. However, expression and functional properties of MHC class I antigens and APM components in malignant cells in other animal species have been investigated to a limited extent. However, this information can contribute to our understanding of the mechanisms underlying the association of MHC class I antigen and APM component defects with malignant transformation of cells and to identify animal models to validate targeted therapies to correct these defects. To overcome this limitation in the present study, we have investigated the expression of the catalytic subunits of proteasome (Y, X, and Z) and of immunoproteasome (LMP2, LMP7, and LMP10) as well as of MHC class I heavy chain (HC) in 25 primary feline mammary carcinomas (FMCs) and in 23 matched healthy mammary tissues. We found a reduced expression of MHC class I HC and of LMP2 and LMP7 in tumors compared with normal tissues. Concordantly, proteasomal cleavage specificities in extracts from FMCs were different from those in healthy tissues. In addition, correlation analysis showed that LMP2 and LMP7 were concordantly expressed in FMCs, and their expression was significantly correlated with that of MHC class I HC. The abnormalities we have found in the APM in FMCs may cause a defective processing of some tumor antigens.
Article: Expression and functional analysis of human leukocyte antigen class I antigen-processing machinery in medulloblastoma.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Defects in the expression and/or function of the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I antigen-processing machinery (APM) components are found in many tumor types. These abnormalities may have a negative impact on the interactions of tumor cells with host's immune system and on the outcome of T cell-based immunotherapy. To the best of our knowledge, no information is available about APM component expression and functional characteristics in human medulloblastoma cells (Mb). Therefore, in the present study, we have initially compared the expression of APM components in Mb, an embryonal pediatric brain tumor with a poor prognosis, with that in noninfiltrating astrocytic pediatric tumors, a group of differentiated brain malignancies with favorable prognosis. LMP2, LMP7, calnexin, beta2-microglobulin-free heavy chain (HC) and beta2-microglobulin were down-regulated or undetectable in Mb lesions, but not in astrocytic tumors or normal fetal cerebellum. Two Mb cell lines (DAOI and D283) displayed similar but not superimposable defects in APM component expression as compared with primary tumors. To assess the functional implications of HLA class I APM component down-regulation in Mb cell lines, we tested their recognition by HLA class I antigen-restricted, tumor antigen (TA)-specific CTL, generated by stimulations with dendritic cells that had been transfected with Mb mRNA. The Mb cell lines were lysed by TA-specific CTL in a HLA-restricted manner. Thus, defective expression of HLA class I-related APM components in Mb cells does not impair their ability to present TA to TA-specific CTL. In conclusion, these results can contribute to optimize T cell-based immunotherapeutic strategies for Mb treatment.Cancer Research 07/2007; 67(11):5471-8. · 7.86 Impact Factor