Left ventricular hypertrophy by electrocardiography and echocardiography in the African American Study of Kidney Disease Cohort Study.
ABSTRACT Although electrocardiographic criteria for diagnosing left ventricular hypertrophy have a low sensitivity in the general population, their test characteristics have not been evaluated in the high-prevalence group of American Americans with chronic kidney disease. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate these test characteristics among African Americans (n = 645) with hypertensive kidney disease as part of the African-American Study of Kidney Disease and Hypertension cohort. Electrocardiograms were read by 2 cardiologists at an independent core laboratory using the 2 Sokolow-Lyon criteria and the Cornell criteria. Left ventricular hypertrophy on echocardiography was defined as left ventricular mass index greater than 49.2 and greater than 46.7 g/m(2.7) in men and women, respectively. Sixty-nine percent of the population had left ventricular hypertrophy on echo, whereas 34% had left ventricular hypertrophy by any of the electrocardiographic criteria. Sensitivity by individual electrocardiographic criteria was 16.5% by Sokolow-Lyon-1, 19.3% by Sokolow-Lyon-2, and 24.7% by Cornell criteria, with specificity ranging from 89% to 92%. When using any of the 3 criteria, sensitivity increased to 40.4% with a decrease in specificity to 78.0%. Consistent with findings in a general population, left ventricular hypertrophy by electrocardiography had low sensitivity and high specificity in this cohort of African Americans with hypertensive kidney disease.