Nanoscopic dynamic mechanical properties of intertubular and peritubular dentin.
ABSTRACT An experimental evaluation of intertubular and peritubular dentin was performed using nanoindentation and Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA). The objective of the investigation was to evaluate the differences in dynamic mechanical behavior of these two constituents and to assess whether their response is frequency dependent. Specimens of hydrated coronal dentin were evaluated by DMA using single indents over a range of parametric conditions and using scanning probe microscopy. The complex (E∗), storage (E') and loss moduli (E″) of the intertubular and peritubular dentin were evaluated as a function of the dynamic loading frequency and static load in the fully hydrated condition. The mean complex E∗ (19.6 GPa) and storage E' (19.2 GPa) moduli of the intertubular dentin were significantly lower than those for peritubular dentin (E∗ = 31.1 GPa, p < 0.05; E' = 30.3 GPa, p < 0.05). There was no significant influence of dynamic loading frequency on these measures. Although there was no significant difference in the loss modulus (E″) between the two materials (p > 0.05), both constituents exhibited a significant increase in E″ with dynamic load frequency and reduction in the quasi-static component of indentation load. The largest difference in dynamic behavior of the two tissues was noted at small quasi-static indentation loads and the highest frequency.
Article: Correlating the mechanical properties to the mineral content of carious dentine--a comparative study using an ultra-micro indentation system (UMIS) and SEM-BSE signals.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The deterioration of the mechanical properties of carious dentine was assumed to be associated with the decrease in mineral content due to the carious process. This study aimed to compare the mechanical properties of carious dentine studied by an ultra-micro-indentation-system (UMIS) and the mineral content determined using backscattered scanning electron (BSE) imaging. Eight axial sectioned and fine polished primary molar teeth with untreated carious dentine were measured for hardness and elastic modulus using the UMIS. On each specimen two centrally located linear arrays of indentations were made from the pulp to lesion cavity floor, followed by the capture of a BSE image using a solid-state detector. The BSE intensity at the same spot as the indentation array on each specimen was analysed and compared to the UMIS results. The results show that the mechanical properties of dentine are dependent on its mineral content. The decrease in mechanical properties of carious dentine, namely hardness and elastic modulus are directly linked to the reduction in its mineral content (r2 = 0.93 and 0.92, respectively). The relationship between dentine hardness and elastic modulus values (y) can be expressed as an exponential function of the mineral content in wt.% (x) that is y = ae(bx).Archives of Oral Biology 06/2004; 49(5):369-78. · 1.60 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Recent nanoindentation studies have demonstrated that the hardness and Young's modulus of human molar enamel decreases by more than 50% on moving from the occlusal surface to the dentine-enamel junction on cross-sectional samples. Possible sources of these variations are changes in local chemistry, microstructure, and prism orientation. This study investigates the latter source by performing nanoindentation tests at two different orientations relative to the hydroxyapatite prisms: parallel and perpendicular. A single sample volume was tested in order to maintain a constant chemistry and microstructure. The resulting data show very small differences between the two orientations for both hardness and Young's modulus. The 1.5-3.0% difference is significantly less than the standard deviations found within the data set. Thus, the variations in hardness and Young's modulus on cross-sectional samples of human molar are attributed to changes in local chemistry (varying levels of mineralization, organic matter, and water content) and changes in microstructure (varying volume fractions of inorganic crystals and organic matrix). The impact of prism orientation on mechanical properties measured at this scale by nanoindentation appears to be minimal.Archives of Oral Biology 10/2007; 52(9):856-60. · 1.60 Impact Factor
Article: An improved method for the measurement of mechanical properties of bone by nanoindentation.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Nanoindentation is widely used to measure the mechanical properties of bio-tissues. However, viscoelastic effects during the nanoindentation are seldom considered rigorously, although they are in general very significant in bio-tissues. In this study, a recently developed method for correcting the viscoelastic effects during nanoindentation is applied to mice bone samples. This method is found to yield reliable elastic modulus and hardness results from forelimb and femur cortical bone samples of C57 BL/6N and ICR mice. The creep properties of the samples are also characterized by a novel procedure using nanoindentation. The measured mechanical properties correlate well with the calcium content of the bone samples.Journal of Materials Science Materials in Medicine 10/2007; 18(9):1875-81. · 2.32 Impact Factor