Effects of N1-methylnicotinamide on oxidative and glycooxidative stress markers in rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus.
ABSTRACT This study was focused on the monitoring how the anti-inflammatory substance, N(1)-methylnicotinamide (MNA), could influence oxidation and glycooxidation stress markers in rats under conditions of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes mellitus.
Diabetes mellitus was induced in 60 male Wistar rats by intraperitoneal injection of STZ and after 7 days diabetic animals were allocated to five groups according to the dose of MNA administered for 7 weeks. The degree of DNA damage in lymphocytes, as well as advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs), protein carbonyls, lipid peroxides, and total antioxidant capacity (TEAC) in plasma were measured.
Glycation damage to proteins (represented by AGEs level) was significantly increased in all diabetic groups compared to untreated non-diabetic animals. MNA did not affect TEAC of plasma in any group of diabetic rats. Supplementation of diabetic rats with MNA at the dose of 200 mg/kg resulted in decreased protein carbonyls (from 0.0818±0.0091 to 0.0558±0.0044 nmol/mg proteins; P<0.05, n=15) and DNA oxidation, reflected by the levels of 8-oxoG (0.6302±0.085 vs. 0.9213±0.108 8-oxoG/10(6) G; P<0.05, n=15), compared to untreated diabetic animals.
Our results demonstrated that MNA at suitable concentrations could influence oxidative modifications of proteins and DNA.