Hfq and Hfq-dependent small RNAs are major contributors to multicellular development in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium.
ABSTRACT The RNA chaperone Hfq and its associated small RNAs (sRNAs) regulate a variety of phenotypes in bacteria. In this work, we show that Hfq is a master regulator of biofilm formation in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. Hfq and two Hfq-dependent sRNAs (ArcZ and SdsR) are required for rdar morphotype expression in S. typhimurium. Hfq controls rdar biofilm formation through the major biofilm regulator CsgD. While csgD mRNA steady-state levels are altered in a sdsR mutant, ArcZ seems to work mainly at the post-transcriptional level. Overexpression of ArcZ complemented rdar morphotype formation of an hfq mutant under plate-grown conditions. Although ArcZ activates rpoS expression, its effect on csgD expression is mainly independent of RpoS. ArcZ does not only regulate rdar morphotype expression, but also the transition between sessility and motility and the timing of type 1 fimbriae vs. curli fimbriae surface-attachment at ambient temperature. Consequently, ArcZ is a major regulator of rdar biofilm development.
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ABSTRACT: The combination of genomics and high-throughput cDNA sequencing technologies has facilitated the identification of many small RNAs (sRNAs) that play a central role in the post-transcriptional gene regulation of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. To date, most of the functionally characterized sRNAs have been involved in the regulation of processes which are not directly linked to virulence. Just five sRNAs have been found to affect the ability of Salmonella to replicate within mammalian cells, but the precise regulatory mechanisms that are used by sRNAs to control Salmonella pathogenicity at the post-transcriptional level remain to be identified. It is anticipated that an improved understanding of sRNA biology will shed new light on the virulence of Salmonella.RNA biology 04/2012; 9(4):437-45. · 5.56 Impact Factor