Article

# A simple method for estimating relative risk using logistic regression.

Grupo Latinoamericano de Investigaciones Epidemiológicas, Organización Latinoamericana para el Fomento de la Investigación en Salud, Bucaramanga, Colombia.

BMC Medical Research Methodology (Impact Factor: 2.21). 02/2012; 12:14. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2288-12-14 Source: PubMed

- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**To determine optimal treatment for recurrent or residual intraventricular neurocytomas (IVNs), a systematic review of PubMed and EMBASE was conducted comparing fractionated conventional radiotherapy (FCRT) versus stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). Inclusion criteria included histological IVN documentation, at least 6 months of follow-up observation and described dose of FCRT or SRS administered. Descriptive statistical and Kaplan-Meier analyses were performed. The literature search yielded 451 articles. Sixteen studies met inclusion criteria. The local tumor control proportion was 93% and 88% in the SRS and FCRT subgroups, respectively. The relative risk (RR) of local recurrence was 0.57 less (95% CI: 0.21-1.57; log-rank p=0.85) and the RR of all-cause mortality was 0.23 less (95% CI: 0.05-1.05; log-rank p=0.22) in SRS subgroup compared to the FCRT subgroup but did not reach statistical significance. Recurrence was significantly associated with presence of histological atypia (log-rank p<0.001). Severe complications were lower in SRS subgroup (5.5% versus 7.5%, p=0.74); however, distant tumor recurrence was slightly lower in the FCRT subgroup (1.5% versus 5.5%, p=0.24). The role of SRS or FCRT in the management of residual or recurrent IVNs will continue to depend on the balance between the risks and benefits of SRS and FCRT until better quality data are available.Clinical neurology and neurosurgery 02/2014; 117C:55-64. · 1.30 Impact Factor -
##### Article: Medication use in adults living in Brasilia, Brazil: a cross-sectional, population-based study.

[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**To assess the prevalence of medicine use in adults of Brasilia and to elucidate the associated factors. A cross-sectional study was conducted with adults (18 to 65 years) living in Brasilia, who were selected using a two-stage probabilistic sampling and interviewed in their home, from February to May 2012. The primary outcome was the use of medicines in the last 7 days. A Poisson regression with robust variance was employed to adjust for covariates following a hierarchical model. The study included 1820 individuals (11% losses), 60% of which were women, and the mean age was 37 ± 12.6 years. The prevalence of drug consumption was 35.7% (95% confidence interval [95%CI]: 33.5%-37.9%). Medicine consumption was significantly higher in women (prevalence ratio [PR] = 1.54; 95%CI: 1.28-1.85); unemployed or retired people (PR = 1.35; 95%CI: 1.15-1.59); people with hypertension (PR = 2.33; 95%CI: 2.00-2.71), diabetes (PR = 1.46; 95%CI: 1.22-1.74), depression (PR = 1.32; 95%CI: 1.13-1.53), or other chronic diseases (PR = 1.50; 95%CI: 1.26-1.79); and study participants who had a recent medical consultation (PR = 1.49; 95%CI: 1.29-1.71). Medication use was significantly higher at older ages. The participants obtained about half of the drugs from the Brazilian public health system, but this access was significantly different according to the economic class. Medication use was common among adults living in Brasilia and is associated with sex, age, health conditions, and access to healthcare. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety 02/2014; · 2.90 Impact Factor -
##### Dataset: Methods4RRinCommonBinaryOutcomes

Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.