Article

Preparation and in-vitro evaluation of doxorubicin-loaded Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles modified with biocompatible copolymer

Drug Applied Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
International Journal of Nanomedicine (Impact Factor: 4.2). 02/2012; 7:511-26. DOI: 10.2147/IJN.S24326
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles are attractive materials that have been widely used in medicine for drug delivery, diagnostic imaging, and therapeutic applications. In our study, superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles and the anticancer drug, doxorubicin hydrochloride, were encapsulated into poly (D, L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) poly (ethylene glycol) (PLGA-PEG) nanoparticles for local treatment. The magnetic properties conferred by superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles could help to maintain the nanoparticles in the joint with an external magnet.
A series of PLGA:PEG triblock copolymers were synthesized by ring-opening polymerization of D, L-lactide and glycolide with different molecular weights of polyethylene glycol (PEG(2000), PEG(3000), and PEG(4000)) as an initiator. The bulk properties of these copolymers were characterized using (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, gel permeation chromatography, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and differential scanning calorimetry. In addition, the resulting particles were characterized by x-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and vibrating sample magnetometry.
The doxorubicin encapsulation amount was reduced for PLGA:PEG(2000) and PLGA:PEG(3000) triblock copolymers, but increased to a great extent for PLGA:PEG(4000) triblock copolymer. This is due to the increased water uptake capacity of the blended triblock copolymer, which encapsulated more doxorubicin molecules into a swollen copolymer matrix. The drug encapsulation efficiency achieved for Fe(3)O(4) magnetic nanoparticles modified with PLGA:PEG(2000), PLGA:PEG(3000), and PLGA:PEG(4000) copolymers was 69.5%, 73%, and 78%, respectively, and the release kinetics were controlled. The in vitro cytotoxicity test showed that the Fe(3)O(4)-PLGA:PEG(4000) magnetic nanoparticles had no cytotoxicity and were biocompatible.
There is potential for use of these nanoparticles for biomedical application. Future work includes in vivo investigation of the targeting capability and effectiveness of these nanoparticles in the treatment of lung cancer.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Amin Barkhordari, Mar 21, 2014
1 Follower
 · 
216 Views
  • Source
    • "QDs may be advantageous because administration of a QDs formulation is non-invasive and eliminates the need for a biopsy. QDs toxicity, however, remains a major concern for clinical applications [43] [44] [45] [46] [47] [48] [49]. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This review describes the state of art in nanoparticle and nanodevice applications for medical diagnosis and disease treatment. Nanodevices, such as cantilevers, have been integrated into high-sensitivity disease marker diagnostic detectors and devices, are stable over long periods of time, and display reliable performance properties. Nanotechnology strategies have been applied to therapeutic purposes as well. For example, nanoparticle-based delivery systems have been developed to protect drugs from degradation, thereby reducing the required dose and dose frequency, improving patient comfort and convenience during treatment, and reducing treatment expenses. The main objectives for integrating nanotechnologies into diagnostic and therapeutic applications in the context of intestinal diseases are reviewed.
    Digestive and Liver Disease 05/2013; 45(12). DOI:10.1016/j.dld.2013.03.019 · 2.89 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Poly (N-isopropylacrylamide-methyl methacrylic acid, PNIPAAm-MAA)-grafted magnetic nanoparticles were synthesized using silane-coated magnetic nanoparticles as a template for radical polymerization of N-isopropylacrylamide and methacrylic acid. Properties of these nanoparticles, such as size, drug-loading efficiency, and drug release kinetics, were evaluated in vitro for targeted and controlled drug delivery. The resulting nanoparticles had a diameter of 100 nm and a doxorubicin-loading efficiency of 75%, significantly higher doxorubicin release at 40°C compared with 37°C, and pH 5.8 compared with pH 7.4, demonstrating their temperature and pH sensitivity, respectively. In addition, the particles were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and vibrating sample magnetometry. In vitro cytotoxicity testing showed that the PNIPAAm-MAA-coated magnetic nanoparticles had no cytotoxicity and were biocompatible, indicating their potential for biomedical application.
    Nanotechnology, Science and Applications 01/2012; 5:13-25. DOI:10.2147/NSA.S24328
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Finally, we have addressed some relevant findings on the importance of having well-defined synthetic strategies developed for the generation of MNPs, with a focus on particle formation mechanism and recent modifications made on the preparation of monodisperse samples of relatively large quantities not only with similar physical features, but also with similar crystallochemical characteristics. Then, different methodologies for the functionalization of the prepared MNPs together with the characterization techniques are explained. Theorical views on the magnetism of nanoparticles are considered.
    Nanoscale Research Letters 02/2012; 7(1):144. DOI:10.1186/1556-276X-7-144 · 2.48 Impact Factor
Show more