Hepatobiliary MR imaging with gadolinium-based contrast agents.
ABSTRACT The advent of gadolinium-based "hepatobiliary" contrast agents offers new opportunities for diagnostic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and has triggered great interest for innovative imaging approaches to the liver and bile ducts. In this review article we discuss the imaging properties of the two gadolinium-based hepatobiliary contrast agents currently available in the U.S., gadobenate dimeglumine and gadoxetic acid, as well as important pharmacokinetic differences that affect their diagnostic performance. We review potential applications, protocol optimization strategies, as well as diagnostic pitfalls. A variety of illustrative case examples will be used to demonstrate the role of these agents in detection and characterization of liver lesions as well as for imaging the biliary system. Changes in MR protocols geared toward optimizing workflow and imaging quality are also discussed. It is our aim that the information provided in this article will facilitate the optimal utilization of these agents and will stimulate the reader's pursuit of new applications for future benefit.
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ABSTRACT: A prospective multi-institutional study was performed to compare the sensitivity of computed tomography (CT) and high-field magnetic resonance (MR) imaging (1.5T) in the detection of hepatic metastases. T1-weighted and 72-weighted spin-echo (SE) MR images were compared with noncontrast, dynamic, and delayed CT. Sixty-nine oncology patients were studied. Noncontrast CT showed an overall sensitivity of 57%, dynamic CT 71%, delayed CT 72%, T1-weighted SE MR 47%, and T2-weighted SE MR 78%. Although there was no statistically significant (p less than 0.05) difference among dynamic CT, delayed CT, and T2-weighted SE MR, these three methods were significantly more sensitive (p less than 0.005) than noncontrast CT or T1-weighted SE MR. T2-weighted SE MR was significantly more sensitive (p less than 0.006) than CT or T1-weighted SE MR in the detection of small (less than 1 cm) lesions. CT was more sensitive in the detection of extrahepatic disease. These data confirm the superiority of T2-weighted SE over T1-weighted SE pulse sequences at 1.5T.Gastrointestinal Radiology 02/1991; 16(2):159-63.