Comparison of the predictive value of EuroSCORE, SYNTAX score, and clinical SYNTAX score for outcomes of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention for unprotected left main coronary artery disease
ABSTRACT We aimed to assess the prognostic values of the EuroSCORE, SYNTAX score, and the novel Clinical SYNTAX score (CSS) for 30-day and 1-year outcomes in patients undergoing left main (LM) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
PCI has become an alternative treatment for LM coronary artery disease, and risk scoring system might be beneficial for pre-PCI risk stratification.
We enrolled 198 consecutive patients with unprotected LM disease undergoing PCI (mean age 71.5 ± 10.7 years). The CSS was calculated by multiplying the SYNTAX Score to (age/left ventricular ejection fraction +1 for each 10 mL the estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min per 1.73 m(2)). The endpoints were 30-day, and 1-year all-cause death and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), which were defined as all-cause death, nonfatal MI, and clinical-driven target vessel revascularization. Comparing with the SYNTAX score, the predictive accuracy of CSS for 30-day and 1-year all-cause death and MACE were significantly higher (c-statistics, CSS versus SYNTAX score: P < 0.01 for 30-day and 1-year all-cause death; P < 0.05 for 30-day and 1-year MACE, respectively). Furthermore, in the multivariate Cox regression analysis, both EuroSCORE and CSS were identified as the independent predictors of 30-day and 1-year all-cause death and MACE, but the SYNTAX score was not.
In the general practice among a high-risk population undergoing LM PCI, EuroSCORE and CSS might be independent predictors for 30-day and 1-year all-cause death and MACE. Furthermore, the CSS had a superior discriminatory ability in predicting the 30-day and 1-year clinical outcomes comparing with the SYNTAX score.
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this article is to review the current revascularization strategies in patients presenting with unprotected left main coronary artery disease (LMCAD). Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is the current standard of treatment for patients with LMCAD. The development and refinement of techniques increased the number of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) in LMCAD patients. Although several observational studies show comparable results of CABG and/or PCI in patients with LMCAD, there is currently no convincing randomized evidence that either one of the two is associated with better long-term survival. Recent meta-analyses of four small randomized trials revealed a similar rate of 1-year major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events, higher rates of target vessel revascularization and lower stroke rates for PCI. Pooling randomized patients studies stratified by lesion complexity strengthened the hypothesis that CABG is better in more complex LMCAD patients. However, the randomized comparisons are affected by methodological limitations and lack power to be conclusive. The ongoing Evaluation of XIENCE V Everolimus Eluting Stent System Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for Effectiveness of Left Main Revascularization (EXCEL) trial is expected to provide a better answer on the optimal treatment strategy for LMCAD patients. In the meantime, risk models need to be improved and the most appropriate revascularization strategy for the individual LMCAD patient should be chosen using a multidisciplinary heart team that considers not only risk models but also other clinical and economic facets.Current opinion in cardiology 08/2012; 27(6):604-10. DOI:10.1097/HCO.0b013e3283583052 · 2.59 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We report on an octogenarian patient presenting with an acute coronary syndrome due to significant left main coronary artery disease and severe ostial stenosis of the left anterior descending artery disease. Emergent bypass graft performed with "beating heart" consisted of left internal mammary graft to the mid left anterior descending artery with an "over-stent" anastomosis. The immediate post-operative phase was simple, however the patient presented on post-operative day 8 with extensive anterior myocardial infarction and cardiogenic shock. Emergent coronary angiogram showed subocclusive anastomotic stenosis. Percutaneous coronary intervention was performed on left main, proximal left anterior descending, and proximal circumflex arteries. Subsequently, the patient restored a satisfactory hemodynamic condition. A focus on the importance of decision for management of left main disease especially in octogenarian is presented, along with a review of the pertinent literature.04/2013; 6:61-5. DOI:10.4137/CCRep.S11542
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ABSTRACT: We retrospectively analysed long-term outcomes after conventional coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) between patients having left main (LM) disease who should have been assigned class II and those assigned class III recommendation for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) according to the 2010 European Society of Cardiology and the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery guidelines. From January 2000 to December 2009, conventional CABG was routinely employed in 180 consecutive patients with previously untreated and stable LM lesion. A comparison between two groups (CABG for PCI class II and CABG for PCI class III) was performed, looking at the primary endpoint of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), including all-cause death, stroke [cerebral vascular accident (CVA)], myocardial infarction (MI) and repeat revascularization. We also analysed the effects of variables on MACCE at 8 years after the operation. The overall 8-year MACCE rates were significantly lower in the CABG for PCI class II group than in the CABG for PCI class III group (9.7% class II vs 31.1% class III; P = 0.0005). This was largely because of an increased rate of repeat revascularization (1.2% class II vs 13.8% class III; P = 0.0029). The cumulative rate of the combined outcomes of all death/CVA/MI was significantly lower in the CABG for PCI class II group (8.5% class II vs 19.2% class III; P = 0.048); there was no observed difference between the groups for all-cause death, CVA and MI. The SYNTAX score was demonstrated to be the only significant predictor of combined outcomes (Death/CVA/MI) at 8 years [odds ratio (OR) 1.05, P = 0.023], repeat revascularization at 8 years (OR 1.11, P = 0.0013) and MACCE at 8 years (OR 1.07, P < 0.0001). In our routine strategy of conventional CABG for LM disease, patients believed to be PCI candidates for LM disease have significantly better long-term outcomes as characterized by combined outcomes (Death/CVA/MI), repeat revascularization and MACCE. These results provide a suitable benchmark against which long-term outcomes of PCI for LM disease can be compared. The SYNTAX score, which was introduced to determine treatment for complex coronary disease, is indicative of long-term outcomes after CABG for LM disease.European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery 08/2013; 45(3). DOI:10.1093/ejcts/ezt429 · 2.81 Impact Factor