Altered oligosaccharide structures reduce colitis induction in mice defective in β-1,4-galactosyltransferase.
ABSTRACT Oligosaccharide modifications induce various functional changes in immune cells. The galactose-deficient fraction of fucosylated IgG oligosaccharides is increased, whereas that of β-1,4-galactosyltransferase I (B4GalTI) is reduced, in patients with Crohn's disease. We investigated the role of oligosaccharide modification in the pathophysiology of colitis using B4galt1-deficient mice.
Colitis severity was compared between B4galt1(+/-) and B4galt1(+/+) mice. B cells isolated from B4galt1(+/-) and B4galt1(+/+) mice were adoptively transferred to recombination activating gene 2(-/-) mice, in which colitis was induced by administration of CD4(+)CD62L(+) T cells. Cell-surface glycan profiles were determined by lectin microarray analysis. Cytokine production was determined in a coculture of various types of cells isolated from either B4galt1(+/-) or B4galt1(+/+) mice.
Colitis induction by dextran sodium sulfate or trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid was significantly reduced in B4galt1(+/-) mice, which had galactose deficiency in IgG oligosaccharides (similar to patients with Crohn's disease) compared with B4galt1(+/+) mice. Amelioration of colitis was associated with increased production of interleukin-10 by macrophages in B4galt1(+/-) mice. Colitis induction in recombination activating gene 2(-/-) mice by administration of CD4(+)CD62L(+) T cells was reduced by cotransfer of B cells isolated from B4galt1(+/-), but not from B4galt1(+/+) mice. Lectin microarray analysis revealed increased expression of polylactosamines on B4galt1(+/-) B cells and macrophages, compared with B4galt1(+/+) cells. The production of interleukin-10 from macrophages was induced via their direct interaction with B4galt1(+/-) B cells.
Altered oligosaccharide structures on immune cells modulate mucosal inflammation. Oligosaccharides in immune cells might be a therapeutic target for inflammatory bowel diseases.
- SourceAvailable from: Yoshihiro Kamada[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Oligosaccharide modification by N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase- V (GnT-V), a glycosyltransferase encoded by the Mgat5 gene that catalyzes the formation of β1,6GlcNAc (N-acetylglucosamine) branches on N-glycans, is thought to be associated with cancer growth and metastasis. Overexpression of GnT-V in cancer cells enhances the signaling of growth factors such as epidermal growth factor by increasing galectin-3 binding to polylactosamine structures on receptor N-glycans. In contrast, GnT-V deficient mice are born healthy and lack β1,6GlcNAc branches on N-glycans, but develop immunological disorders due to T-cell dysfunction at 12-20 months of age. We have developed Mgat5 transgenic (Tg) mice (GnT-V Tg mice) using a β-actin promoter and found characteristic phenotypes in skin, liver, and T cells in the mice. Although the GnT-V Tg mice do not develop spontaneous cancers in any organs, there are differences in the response to external stimuli between wild-type and GnT-V Tg mice. These changes are similar to those seen in cancer progression but are unexpected in some aspects. In this review, we summarize what is known about GnT-V functions in skin and liver cells as a means to understand the physiological roles of GnT-V in mice. [BMB Reports 2012; 45(10): 554-559].BMB reports 10/2012; 45(10):554-9. · 1.63 Impact Factor