The Role of Peroxiredoxin V in (-)-Epigallocatechin 3-gallate-Induced Multiple Myeloma Cell Death
ABSTRACT (-)-Epigallocatechin 3-gallate (EGCG) is a potent antioxidant polyphenol in green tea that acts as an anticancer agent via both direct and indirect pathways. Although the relationship between EGCG's anticancer effects and its antioxidant activity is not fully understood, it is known that EGCG stimulates production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which induce oxidative stress leading to cell death. In IM9 multiple myeloma cells, EGCG acted in a dose- and time-dependent manner to induce apoptotic cell death. Among the antioxidant enzymes expressed in IM9 cells, levels of peroxiredoxin V (PrdxV) were selectively and significantly reduced by EGCG. Moreover, the ROS scavenger NAC completely inhibited EGCG-induced apoptosis and PrdxV reduction, while overexpression of PrdxV, but not a Prdx(VC48S) mutant, protected IM9 cells from EGCG-induced apoptosis. EGCG-induced reductions in cell viability and PrdxV levels were also observed in primary CD138+ multiple myeloma cells from patients. These results suggest that PrdxV is a key target via which EGCG mediates its anticancer effects.
SourceAvailable from: José A Morales-González05/2013;
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ABSTRACT: Objective:We have previously identified peroxiredoxin-3 (PRDX-3) as a cell-surface protein that is androgen regulated in the LNCaP prostate cancer (PCa) cell line. PRDX-3 is a member of the peroxiredoxin family that are responsible for neutralising reactive oxygen species.Experimental design:PRDX-3 expression was examined in tissue from 32 patients using immunohistochemistry. Subcellular distribution was determined using confocal microscopy. PRDX-3 expression was determined in antiandrogen-resistant cell lines by western blotting and quantitative RT-PCR. The pathways of PRDX-3 overexpression and knockdown on apoptosis and response to oxidative stress were investigated using protein arrays.Results:PRDX-3 is upregulated in a number of endocrine-regulated tumours; in particular in PCa and prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia. Although the majority of PRDX-3 is localised to the mitochondria, we have confirmed that PRDX-3 at the cell membrane is androgen regulated. In antiandrogen-resistant LNCaP cell lines, PRDX-3 is upregulated at the protein but not RNA level. Resistant cells also possess an upregulation of the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) pathway and resistance to H2O2-induced apoptosis through a failure to activate pro-apoptotic pathways. Knockdown of PRDX-3 restored H2O2 sensitivity.Conclusion:Our results suggest that PRDX-3 has an essential role in regulating oxidation-induced apoptosis in antiandrogen-resistant cells. PRDX-3 may have potential as a therapeutic target in castrate-independent PCa.British Journal of Cancer advance online publication, 23 July 2013; doi:10.1038/bjc.2013.396 www.bjcancer.com.British Journal of Cancer 07/2013; 109(4). DOI:10.1038/bjc.2013.396 · 4.82 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: (-)-Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), the most abundant component in green tea, has a potent anti-apoptotic activity. The purpose of this study was to investigate the protective effects of EGCG and their molecular mechanisms on high glucose-induced apoptosis of human lens epithelial cells (HLEB-3). HLEB-3 cells were exposed to various concentrations of glucose and EGCG. Cell death was assessed by MTT assay and flow cytometry using annexin V and propidium iodide. The expression of the Bcl-2 family, c-fos, c-myc and p53 was measured by real-time PCR. EGCG decreased the Bcl-2/Bax expression stimulated by a high glucose. Moreover, EGCG suppressed the high glucose-induced expression of c-fos, c-myc and p53. These findings suggest that EGCG protects HLEB-3 cells from high glucose-induced apoptosis by regulating the gene expression of the Bcl-2 family, c-fos, c-myc and p53. Thus, EGCG may have a potential protective effect against diabetic cataract formation.Molecular Biology 03/2013; 47(2). DOI:10.1134/S0026893313020106 · 0.74 Impact Factor