Paeoniflorin inhibits growth of human colorectal carcinoma HT 29 cells in vitro and in vivo

Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 510182, China.
Food and chemical toxicology: an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association (Impact Factor: 2.9). 02/2012; 50(5):1560-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.fct.2012.01.035
Source: PubMed


The aim of the therapy of human malignancies is the inhibition of cell proliferation and/or induction of apoptosis. In present experiment, we investigated the in vitro and in vivo anticancer effects and associated mechanisms of paeoniflorin (PF), isolated from the paeony root, against colorectal cancer. In vitro, cell growth assay obviously showed the inhibition of tumor cell growth in a dose-dependent manner. Flow cytometry analysis showed that PF could mainly have the cell cycle arrest at G1, which is associated with DNA damage and activation of p53/14-3-3 zeta (ζ). The pro-apoptotic effect of PF was demonstrated by Annexin V-PI staining, and activation of caspase-3 and caspase-9 by Western immunoblotting. In vivo, the results showed that positive cells of PCNA in PF and docetaxel-treated group was decreased to 30% and 15% compared with control group of tumors, respectively. But apoptosis cells in PF- and docetaxel treated groups studied by TUNEL is increased to 40 ± 1.2% and 30 ± 1.5% compared with 24 ± 2.3% in negative control, respectively. Furthermore, the efficiency of tumor-bearing mice treated by PF was superior to docetaxel in vivo. Overall, PF may be an effective chemopreventive agent against colorectal cancer HT29, and the mechanism could be mediated via an regulation of p53/14-3-3ζ.

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