Article

Antiviral activity of TMC435 monotherapy in patients infected with HCV genotypes 2–6: TMC435-C202, a phase IIa, open-label study

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatopancreatology, Hôpital Erasme, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium.
Journal of Hepatology (Impact Factor: 10.4). 02/2012; 56(6):1247-53. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhep.2011.12.033
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT TMC435 is an investigational, once-daily, oral NS3/4A protease inhibitor currently in phase III development for the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Phase I and II studies in patients infected with HCV genotype 1 have demonstrated that TMC435 is generally well tolerated, has a pharmacokinetic profile that supports once daily dosing, and demonstrates potent antiviral activity. This phase IIa study (TMC435-C202; NCT00812331) was conducted to investigate the antiviral activity, safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of TMC435 in treatment-naїve patients infected with HCV genotypes 2-6.
The study consisted of 7 days of monotherapy with TMC435 (200mg once daily). Patients could begin treatment with pegylated interferon/ribavirin from day 8 with a follow-up period up to days 37-42.
Thirty-seven patients were enrolled in Germany, Belgium and Thailand. For the primary end point at day 8, the mean (± standard error) change in plasma HCV ribonucleic acid (log(10)IU/ml) from baseline was the greatest for genotypes 6 (-4.35 ± 0.29) and 4 (-3.52 ± 0.43), followed by genotypes 2 (-2.73 ± 0.71) and 5 (-2.19 ± 0.39). No antiviral activity was evident for genotype 3. Viral breakthrough occurred in six patients during the monotherapy phase and in six additional patients during PegIFN/RBV-only period. All adverse events were mild or moderate and there were no discontinuations during the TMC435 monotherapy period.
The results of this phase IIa proof-of-concept trial provide evidence that TMC435 has a spectrum of activity against multiple HCV genotypes, except for genotype 3. In this study, TMC435 was generally safe and well tolerated.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Christophe Moreno, Jul 01, 2015
0 Followers
 · 
167 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objectives. Uncertainty remains regarding the efficacy of retreatment with current standard-of-care peg-interferon (peg-IFN) and ribavirin among patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes 2 or 3 with relapse after prior therapy. Materials and methods. Seventy-one patients with chronic HCV genotype 2/3 with prior relapse were enrolled in a phase III multicenter study. Patients were retreated with peg-IFNα-2a 180 μg per week and ribavirin 1000/1200 mg daily. Patients having received previous therapy for 24 weeks were retreated for 48 weeks (Group A), whereas patients having received at least 12 weeks but less than 24 weeks of treatment were allocated to either 48 (Group B) or 24 weeks (Group C) on the basis of whether they had achieved rapid virological response (RVR). Results. Sustained virological response (SVR) rates of 53%, 81% and 75% were achieved in groups A, B and C, respectively. Patients with favorable baseline characteristics, e.g., less advanced liver fibrosis, age <40 years, duration of infection <20 years, or BMI < 25 kg/m(2), tended to have more favorable outcomes. All patients achieving HCV RNA below 1000 IU/mL day 6 achieved SVR in contrast to none of the patients with detectable HCV RNA at week 12. Conclusions. Retreatment with peg-IFN and ribavirin for 24-48 weeks entails SVR among the majority of HCV genotype 2/3 infected patients with prior relapse. However, in light of the prolonged treatment duration, moderate effect and considerable side effects, deterring therapy until new options are available may be preferential, particularly in patients previously treated for 24 weeks.
    Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 07/2013; 48(7):839-847. DOI:10.3109/00365521.2013.793389 · 2.33 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives. Uncertainty remains regarding the efficacy of retreatment with current standard-of-care peg-interferon (peg-IFN) and ribavirin among patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes 2 or 3 with relapse after prior therapy. Materials and methods. Seventy-one patients with chronic HCV genotype 2/3 with prior relapse were enrolled in a phase III multicenter study. Patients were retreated with peg-IFNa-2a 180 mg per week and ribavirin 1000/1200 mg daily. Patients having received previous therapy for 24 weeks were retreated for 48 weeks (Group A), whereas patients having received at least 12 weeks but less than 24 weeks of treatment were allocated to either 48 (Group B) or 24 weeks (Group C) on the basis of whether they had achieved rapid virological response (RVR). Results. Sustained virological response (SVR) rates of 53%, 81% and 75% were achieved in groups A, B and C, respectively. Patients with favorable baseline characteristics, e.g., less advanced liver fibrosis, age <40 years, duration of infection <20 years, or BMI < 25 kg/m 2 , tended to have more favorable outcomes. All patients achieving HCV RNA below 1000 IU/mL day 6 achieved SVR in contrast to none of the patients with detectable HCV RNA at week 12. Conclusions. Retreatment with peg-IFN and ribavirin for 24–48 weeks entails SVR among the majority of HCV genotype 2/3 infected patients with prior relapse. However, in light of the prolonged treatment duration, moderate effect and considerable side effects, deterring therapy until new options are available may be preferential, particularly in patients previously treated for 24 weeks.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND AIMS: TMC435 is a potent, once-daily, investigational hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS3/4A protease inhibitor in Phase III clinical development. In the Phase II trial TMC435-C202 (NCT00812331) TMC435 displayed potent activity in genotype 4, 5, and 6 patients and in 3/6 genotype 2 patients, whereas no activity was observed with genotype 3. METHODS: Thirty-seven patients received TMC435 monotherapy (200 mg once-daily) for 7 days. HCV RNA, NS3 protease sequences and corresponding phenotypes were evaluated. RESULTS: Genotype and isolate-specific baseline polymorphisms at NS3 positions known to affect HCV protease inhibitor activity were present in all genotypes. Consistent with the antiviral activity observed in genotypes 4 and 6, TMC435 was active in vitro against all genotype 4 isolates, and against most genotype 6 polymorphisms when tested as single or double mutants. In contrast, in genotype 3 where no HCV RNA decline was observed, isolates displayed >700-fold increases in EC(50) attributed to the D168Q polymorphism. In genotypes 2 and 5, HCV RNA changes from baseline to Day 3 ranged between -0.3 to -3.6 and -1.5 to -4.0 log(10) IU/mL, respectively, and isolates or site-directed mutants displayed intermediate in vitro susceptibility to TMC435 with fold changes in EC(50) between 15-78. Viral breakthrough in genotypes 4, 5 and 6 was associated with emerging mutations including Q80R, R155K and/or D168E/V. CONCLUSIONS: Sequence and phenotypic analyses of baseline isolates identified polymorphisms which could explain the differences in antiviral activity between genotypes. Pathways of TMC435 resistance in genotypes 2-6 were similar to those identified in genotype 1.
    Journal of Hepatology 11/2012; 58(3). DOI:10.1016/j.jhep.2012.10.028 · 10.40 Impact Factor