[Secular trends in anthropometrical measurements observed in three to 11-year-old French children between 1953 and 2005].

Dynamique de l'évolution humaine, CNRS UPR 2147, 44, rue de l'Amiral-Mouchez, 75014 Paris, France.
Comptes rendus biologies (Impact Factor: 0.98). 02/2012; 335(2):129-34.
Source: PubMed


This study covers a fifty-year period between 1953 and 2005 and looks at secular trends in stature, weight and sitting height sizes among French boys and girls between the ages of 3 and 11. A special modelling in function to the age and variable for each child was established so that a comparison could be made in the kinetic growth patterns over these same two periods. Statistical analysis shows a significant increase in growth, of 0.8cm per decade in stature, characterised by a certain increase in the lower limbs and the weight (0.8kg per decade) together with a proportional increase on the body mass index. Positive secular trends of this anthropometric nature are generally thanks to improved eating and sanitary habits and this study enables us to build and elaborate new standards in growth patterns essential for monitoring auxological development in 3 to 11-year-old children in the years 2000 and onwards.

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    • "With the length of the leg bones being the best indicator of a person' s height [25], the increase in the length of femur and tibia allowed the estimation of the increase in height and secular trend for the investigated period. Namely, statistical analysis showed a signifi cant increase in growth of French children (0.8 cm per decade in stature), characterized by increased length of the lower limbs [27]. An overall positive secular trend in height was recorded in urban China between 1985 and 2010, with the average rate being 2.4 cm and 1.7 cm per decade for boys and girls, respectively. "
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