Surgical treatment of colorectal cancer in patients aged over 80 years.
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to identify the clinical factors and tumour characteristics that predict the outcome in patients older than 80 years with colorectal cancer.
One hundred and four patients with colorectal cancer aged over 80 years were identified from a computer database, and their clinical variables were analysed by both univariate and multivariate analyses.
All 104 patients underwent resective surgery, 87% radical and 13% palliative resection. Postoperative mortality was 5%, being associated with a number of coexisting diseases and the presence of postoperative complications, especially anastomotic leakage. The cumulative 5-year survival was 33%, the median survival was 31 months and the cancer-specific 5-year survival was 36%. The recurrence rate after radical surgery was 30%, being 13%, 25%, 44% and 100% in the Union for International Cancer Control stages I, II, III and IV. Kaplan-Meier estimates indicated that age, number of underlying diseases, radicality of operation, Dukes' staging, size of tumour, number of lymph node metastasis, metastasised disease, venous invasion and recurrent disease were significant predictors of survival, but in the Cox regression model, only venous invasion was an independent prognostic factor of survival.
Low mortality and acceptable survival can be achieved even in very elderly patients with colorectal cancer. Venous invasion is an independent predictor of survival.
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ABSTRACT: Because of the increase in the geriatric population, an increasing number of elderly patients are being treated for colorectal cancer. The purpose of this study was to evaluate perioperative morbidity and mortality in this population. A retrospective chart review was performed for patients 80 years of age or older who underwent surgery for colorectal cancer (1993-2006). Ninety patients were identified, with a median age of 84 years. More than 90% presented with symptoms; the remaining were diagnosed by screening colonoscopy. Emergent surgery was required in 10%. The morbidity rate was 21% and the overall 30-day mortality rate was 1.1%. Morbidity was higher in patients who required surgery emergently. Despite advanced age, the majority of patients in this study did well. Postoperative morbidity was higher than in the general population, but we believe it was acceptably low in most patients. Colorectal surgery appears to be safe in most elderly patients.American journal of surgery 04/2008; 195(3):344-8; discussion 348. · 2.36 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Neuropilin-2 (Nrp2) is a receptor for vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C), which is a well-known lymphangiogenic factor and plays an important role in lymph node metastasis of various human cancers, including breast cancer. Recently, Nrp2 was shown to play a role in cancer by promoting tumor cell metastasis. CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) also promotes tumor metastasis. In the previous studies, we demonstrated that VEGF-C and cytoplasmic CXCR4 expressions were correlated with poorer patient prognosis (BMC Cancer 2008,8:340; Breast Cancer Res Treat 2005, 91:125-132). The relationship between Nrp2 expression and lymph node metastasis, VEGF-C expression, CXCR4 expression, and other established clinicopathological variables (these data were cited in our previous papers), including prognosis, was analyzed in human breast cancer. Effects of neutralizing anti-Nrp2 antibody on CXCR4 expression and chemotaxis were assessed in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. Nrp2 expression was observed in 53.1% (60 of 113) of the invasive breast carcinomas. Nrp2 expression was significantly correlated with lymph node metastasis, VEGF-C expression, and cytoplasmic CXCR4 expression. Survival curves determined by the Kaplan-Meier method showed that Nrp2 expression was associated with reduced overall survival. In multivariate analysis, Nrp2 expression emerged as a significant independent predictor for overall survival. Neutralizing anti-Nrp2 antibody blocks cytoplasmic CXCR4 expression and CXCR4-induced migration in MDA-MB-231 cells. Nrp2 expression was correlated with lymph node metastasis, VEGF-C expression, and cytoplasmic CXCR4 expression. Nrp2 expression may serve as a significant prognostic factor for long-term survival in breast cancer. Our data also showed a role for Nrp2 in regulating cytoplasmic CXCR4 expression in vitro.BMC Cancer 02/2009; 9:220. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study was designed to develop a model for predicting postoperative mortality in elderly patients undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer. This multicenter study was conducted by using routinely collected clinical data, assessing patients older than aged 80 years, with 30-day operative mortality as the primary end point. Data were collected from The Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland database, encompassing 8,077 newly diagnosed colorectal cancer patients undergoing resectional surgery in 79 hospitals between April 2000 to March 2002, The Association of Coloproctology Malignant Bowel Obstruction Study, encompassing 1,046 patients with malignant bowel obstruction in 148 hospitals, between April 1998 to March 1999, and The Wales-Trent audit, encompassing 3,522 newly diagnosed colorectal cancer patients, between July 1992 to June 1993. A multilevel logistic regression model was developed to adjust for case-mix and to accommodate the variability of outcomes between the three study populations. The model was internally validated using a Bayesian resampling technique and tested using measures of discrimination, calibration, and subgroup analysis. A total of 2,533 patients satisfied the inclusion criteria, with a 30-day mortality of 15.6 percent. Multivariate analysis identified the following independent risk factors: age (odds ratio for 85-90, 90-95, >95 vs. 80-85 = 1.1, 1.8, 2.9), American Society of Anesthesiology grade (odds ratio for Grade III, IV vs. I-II = 2.7, 6.1), operative urgency (odds ratio for emergency vs. elective = 1.9), no cancer excision vs. resection (odds ratio = 1.2), and metastatic disease (odds ratio for metastases vs. no metastases = 1.9). The model offered adequate discrimination (area under receiver operator curve = 0.732) and excellent agreement between observed and predicted outcomes during eight colorectal procedures (P = 0.885). The elderly colorectal cancer model can accurately estimate 30-day mortality in patients older than aged 80 years undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer. Because the mortality can be considerable, this may have important implications when determining management for this group of patients.Diseases of the Colon & Rectum 06/2006; 49(6):816-24. · 3.34 Impact Factor