Article

Preparation and electrophoretic separation of Bodipy-Fl-labeled glycosphingolipids.

The University of Notre Dame, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA.
Journal of Chromatography A (Impact Factor: 4.61). 03/2012; 1229:268-73. DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2012.01.031
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Several glycosphingolipids were labeled with the fluorphore Bodipy-Fl and analyzed using capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection. GM1-, LacCer-, and Cer-Bodipy-Fl were prepared through acylation using the N-hydroxysuccinimide ester of Bodipy-Fl. Several other glycosphingolipids including GT1a-, GD1a-, GM2-, GM3-, GD3-, and GlcCer-Bodipy-Fl were enzymatically synthesized. Micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography with a TRIS/CHES/SDS/α-cyclodextrin buffer produced better separation than an established borate/deoxycholate/methyl-β-cyclodextrin buffer. The nine Bodipy-Fl-labeled glycosphingolipid standards were separated in under 5 min, theoretical plate counts were between 640,000 and 740,000, and the limit of detection was approximately 3 pM or 240 ymol analyte injected onto the capillary.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
220 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Glycerophospholipids are amphiphilic molecules possessing polar head groups with a glycerol backbone and non-polar variable long-chain fatty acids. Numerous molecular species are found in a single class of glycerophospholipid, conferring to these lipids a high structural diversity. They are major components of biological membranes and participate in important activities involving cell signaling and substrate transport. Sphingolipids consist of long-chain bases linked by an amide bond to a fatty acid and via the terminal hydroxyl group to complex carbohydrate or phosphorus moieties, constituting a complex family of compounds which also present an enormous structural variability. As important component of neuronal membranes, sphingolipids contribute to cellular diversity and functions and are associated with several neurodegenerative disorders. Moreover, they were studied in several foods due to their sensorial, reological and antioxidant characteristics. In this work, the most relevant information available on glycerophospholipid and sphingolipid analysis by CE is reviewed. CE is a very promising analytical technique in polar lipid analysis which provides high efficiency, relatively high resolution, and enormous versatility and requires small amounts of sample and solvent. MEKC and NACE methodologies have been developed as the most useful alternatives for these analyses by CE. Very interesting LODs have been achieved enabling the application of CE to the determination of glycerophospholipids and sphingolipids in several food and biological matrices.
    Electrophoresis 12/2013; · 3.26 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Chemical cytometry employs modern analytical methods to study the differences in composition between single cells to better understand development, cellular differentiation, and disease. Metabolic cytometry is a form of chemical cytometry wherein cells are incubated with and allowed to metabolize fluorescently labeled small molecules. Capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection is then used to characterize the extent of metabolism at the single cell level. To date, all metabolic cytometry experiments have used conventional two-dimensional cell cultures. HCT 116 spheroids are a three-dimensional cell culture system, morphologically and phenotypically similar to tumors. Here, intact HCT 116 multicellular spheroids were simultaneously incubated with three fluorescently labeled glycosphingolipid substrates, GM3-BODIPY-FL, GM1-BODIPY-TMR, and lactosylceramide-BODIPY-650/665. These substrates are spectrally distinct, and their use allows the simultaneous probing of metabolism at three different points in the glycolipid metabolic cascade. Beginning with intact spheroids, a serial trypsinization and trituration procedure was used to isolate single cells from spatially distinct regions of the spheroid. Cells from the distinct regions showed unique metabolic patterns. Treatment with the lysosomal inhibitor and potential chemotherapeutic chloroquine consistently decreased catabolism for all substrates. Nearly 200 cells were taken for analysis. Principal component analysis with a multivariate measure of precision was used to quantify cell-to-cell variability in glycosphingolipid metabolism as a function of cellular localization and chloroquine treatment. While cells from different regions exhibited differences in metabolism, the heterogeneity in metabolism did not differ significantly across the experimental conditions.
    Analytical Chemistry 09/2013; · 5.82 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Glycolipids play an important role in many biological processes and to this end, synthetic chemists have developed a variety of new techniques and "chemical tools" that allow for the study of glycolipids in vitro and in vivo. The types of probes prepared include fluorescent, radio-labelled, biotinylated and photoreactive ones, as well as others based on liposomes, microarrays and other supramolecular constructs-each of which offers its own advantages, as is discussed. A number of more specialised probes, such as metabolically engineered glycolipids and photopolymerisable glycolipids, have also been prepared in order to investigate various processes including substrate specificities and binding interactions. The purpose of this review is to present the key approaches that can be used for the development of glycolipid probes, organised according to application, and also to discuss the limitations of such strategies, which include the nontrivial task of ensuring that the probe does not adversely influence the biological activity of the parent compound. On the whole, it is exciting to see what can be achieved through the development of chemical probes as tools to study biological processes, and it is envisioned that the reader will be inspired by the large number of superb studies highlighted here and will be encouraged to undertake further work in this research area.
    ChemBioChem 06/2013; · 3.74 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
45 Downloads
Available from
Jun 5, 2014