[Effect of sildenafil on ABR thresholds shift to noise-induced hearing loss in guinea pigs].
ABSTRACT To investigate the protective effects of sildenafil to noise-induced hearing loss in guinea pigs.
Guinea pigs were randomly divided into control group, noise exposure group and the sildenafil treatment group, with 10 in each group. One week after the exposure of 110 dB (A) white noise, sildenafil [10 mg/(kg×d)] and normal saline [4 ml/(kg×d)] were injected into guinea pigs of noise plus sildenafil group (NSG) and noise plus normal saline group(NNG) respectively. One week after noise exposure to four weeks continuous administration. ABR thresholds were measured respectively prior to the experiment, 1 week post-noise, 1, 2 and 4 weeks post-drugs. The changes of cochlea hair cells were also observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM).
After noise exposure, the ABR threshold shifts in NSG were significantly fewer than that in the NNG. An average of 19.1 dB in NNG compared with 19.8 dB in NSG. Four weeks after exposure, the threshold shifts were become larger to 22.0 dB in NNG while become smaller to 4.8 dB in NSG. Compared NNG with NSG, in addition to noise exposure time point, there were statistically significant differences in the rest time points after administration of the ABR threshold (P<0.05). SEM showed that the inner and outer hair cells in NNG displayed mess, fusion and imperfections. In NSG, the hair cells displayed slight pathological changes, there was no significant difference when compared with control group.
Sildenafil is able to reduce the ascending of ABR thresholds shift, and it can significantly protect against noise-induced hearing loss.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Blast-induced tinnitus, along with associated auditory impairment and traumatic brain injury, is a primary concern facing military service members. To search for treatment, we investigated the therapeutic effects of sildenafil, a phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor, given its vasodilation effects and evidence suggesting its beneficial effects on noise-induced hearing loss. Rats were subjected to three consecutive blast exposures at 22 psi and were monitored for tinnitus using a gap-detection acoustic startle reflex paradigm. Hearing thresholds and detection were tested using auditory brainstem responses and prepulse inhibition, respectively. Blasted rats were either treated with sildenafil or tap water following blast exposure, while age-matched sham control rats were treated with sildenafil without blast exposure. Our results showed that sildenafil did not effectively prevent acute tinnitus onset and hearing impairment. Instead, sildenafil significantly suppressed high-frequency tinnitus from 3 to 6 weeks after blast exposure and reduced hearing impairment during the first week after blast exposure. Complex results were observed in the startle force data, where sildenafil-treated rats displayed significantly reduced startle force compared to the untreated control group, suggesting of possible mitigation of traumatic brain injury and suppression of hyperacusis-like percepts. Taken together, sildenafil showed a therapeutic effect on blast-induced tinnitus and audiological impairment in a time-dependent manner. Other regimen such as higher dosage prior to blast exposure and in combination with other treatments deserves investigations to optimize therapeutic effects.Neuroscience 03/2014; · 3.12 Impact Factor