Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Pediatric Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
JAMA The Journal of the American Medical Association (Impact Factor: 35.29). 02/2012; 307(6):560; author reply 560-1. DOI: 10.1001/jama.2012.108
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ABSTRACT: To examine the impact of psychiatric comorbidity on cognitive-behavioral therapy response in children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Ninety-six youths with obsessive-compulsive disorder (range 7-19 years) received 14 sessions of weekly or intensive family-based cognitive-behavioral therapy. Assessments were conducted before and after treatment. Primary outcomes included scores on the Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale, response rates, and remission status. Seventy-four percent of participants met criteria for at least one comorbid diagnosis. In general, participants with one or more comorbid diagnoses had lower treatment response and remission rates relative to those without a comorbid diagnosis. The number of comorbid conditions was negatively related to outcome. The presence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and disruptive behavior disorders was related to lower treatment response rates, and the presence of disruptive behavior disorders and major depressive disorder were related to lower remission rates. The presence of a comorbid disorder, particularly disruptive behavior, major depressive, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorders, has a negative impact on treatment response. Assessing for psychiatric disorders before treatment entry and treating these comorbid conditions before or during cognitive-behavioral therapy may improve final outcome. Comorbid anxiety or tic disorders do not seem to negatively affect response.Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 06/2008; 47(5):583-92. DOI:10.1097/CHI.0b013e31816774b1 · 7.26 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The extant literature on the treatment of pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) indicates that partial response to serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) is the norm and that augmentation with short-term OCD-specific cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) may provide additional benefit. To examine the effects of augmenting SRIs with CBT or a brief form of CBT, instructions in CBT delivered in the context of medication management. A 12-week randomized controlled trial conducted at 3 academic medical centers between 2004 and 2009, involving 124 pediatric outpatients between the ages of 7 and 17 years with OCD as a primary diagnosis and a Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale score of 16 or higher despite an adequate SRI trial. Participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 treatment strategies that included 7 sessions over 12 weeks: 42 in the medication management only, 42 in the medication management plus instructions in CBT, and 42 in the medication management plus CBT; the last included 14 concurrent CBT sessions. Whether patients responded positively to treatment by improving their baseline obsessive-compulsive scale score by 30% or more and demonstrating a change in their continuous scores over 12 weeks. The medication management plus CBT strategy was superior to the other 2 strategies on all outcome measures. In the primary intention-to-treat analysis, 68.6% (95% CI, 53.9%-83.3%) in the plus CBT group were considered responders, which was significantly better than the 34.0% (95% CI, 18.0%-50.0%) in the plus instructions in CBT group, and 30.0% (95% CI, 14.9%-45.1%) in the medication management only group. The results were similar in pairwise comparisons with the plus CBT strategy being superior to the other 2 strategies (P < .01 for both). The plus instructions in CBT strategy was not statistically superior to medication management only (P = .72). The number needed-to-treat analysis with the plus CBT vs medication management only in order to see 1 additional patient at week 12, on average, was estimated as 3; for the plus CBT vs the plus instructions in CBT strategy, the number needed to treat was also estimated as 3; for the plus instructions in CBT vs medication management only the number needed to treat was estimated as 25. Among patients aged 7 to 17 years with OCD and partial response to SRI use, the addition of CBT to medication management compared with medication management alone resulted in a significantly greater response rate, whereas augmentation of medication management with the addition of instructions in CBT did not. clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00074815.JAMA The Journal of the American Medical Association 09/2011; 306(11):1224-32. DOI:10.1001/jama.2011.1344 · 35.29 Impact Factor
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