Prevalence and determinants of obesity in the adult population of Kanpur district -- a population-based study.
ABSTRACT Worldwide, obesity is the most prevalent form of malnutrition. It is one of the most significant contributors to ill health and an indirect cause of morbidity and mortality resulting from hyperlipidaemia and glucose intolerance. Very few studies on the prevalence of obesity have been reported from developing countries like India. The present study was therefore undertaken to determine the prevalence of obesity and its predictors in the Indian community. The objectives are: (1) To determine the prevalence of obesity, (2) to study the relationship of obesity with age, (3) to identify the predictors of obesity. This community-based cross-sectional study was conducted on 801 subjects, aged 20 years and above in Kanpur District, using multistage stratified random sampling technique. Data was analysed using the software statistical package for social sciences 10.0.1 for windows. Prevalence of obesity was found to be 4.7%. An increase in body mass index was seen with increasing age. A higher prevalence of obesity was seen in the urban population and in women. Age, gender and daily intake of saturated fatty acids were found to be the main predictors of the obesity. An increase in the level of physical activity resulted in a decrease in the prevalence of obesity (odd's ratio = 0.36). Obesity is an emerging public health problem in the Indian population which indicates that intervention at the primary healthcare level, especially in diet and activity, are important for its prevention.