Clinical Outcomes of Spinal Surgery in Patients Treated With Hemodialysis
*Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Tokushima Municipal Hospital †Department of Orthopedics, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School, Tokushima, Japan ‡Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of California, Irvine, CA §Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Teikyo Mizonokuchi Hospital, Kawasaki, Japan.Journal of spinal disorders & techniques (Impact Factor: 2.2). 02/2012; 26(6). DOI: 10.1097/BSD.0b013e318246af73
STUDY DESIGN:: Retrospective study. OBJECTIVE:: The purpose of this study is to review clinical outcomes, including survival rate, and to discuss the potential benefit of surgical treatments for spinal disorders in patients treated with long-term hemodialysis (HD). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:: Long-term HD is known to possibly cause destructive spondyloarthropathy (DSA) with spinal canal stenosis. There have been few reports, however, regarding clinical outcomes and patient survival rates after spinal surgeries in this population. METHODS:: We retrospectively reviewed 33 chronic HD patients who underwent 21 cervical and 13 lumbar spinal surgeries. According to the radiologic findings, we divided them into the non-DSA and the DSA groups. In general, only decompression was performed for the non-DSA patients, whereas spinal fusion was added for the DSA patients. We analyzed the following data, respectively: male-female ratio, age, operative time, estimated blood loss, duration of HD, follow-up duration, preoperative and postoperative Japanese Orthopaedic Association score, improvement ratio of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association score, amyloid deposition characteristics, and survival rate. RESULTS:: All patients improved neurologically and functionally after surgery. There were significant differences in the operative time between the DSA and the non-DSA groups in patients with cervical spinal lesions, whereas in patients with lumbar spinal lesions, there were significant differences in sex, operative time, and estimated blood loss. Amyloid deposition was found signficantly more commonly in DSA than in non-DSA patients and was associated with a longer duration of HD. Nine patients died within 49 months of the surgery because of HD-related complications, but there was no surgery-related morbidity. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed a trend toward decreased survival rate in non-DSA patients more than 40 months after the index surgery. CONCLUSIONS:: Even in patients treated with long-term HD, spinal surgeries reliably obtain neurological and functional improvement if surgeons judge the preoperative inclusion criteria correctly. However, if surgeries are necessary for these patients, surgeons should consider the patients' comorbidity-related survival rate after the spinal surgeries.
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ABSTRACT: To assess the prevalences and neurological symptoms of destructive spondyloarthropathy (DSA) and other cervical spinal diseases in long-term hemodialysis, a questionnaire survey of the medical histories and subjective sensory-motor symptoms was taken on 191 patients undergoing dialysis for 0.2-23 years (mean 8.6 +/- 6.3) with a mean age of 56.6 +/- 11.8 years (range 23-86). Furthermore, plain radiographic examinations of the cervical spine were carried out in 90% of the patients, and neurologic examinations were also performed on 29 patients. DSA was diagnosed in 18 cases (10%): moderate narrowing of the intervertebral space (NIS-I) in 8, severe narrowing (NIS-II) in 18, ossification of posterior longitudinal ligaments (OPLL) in 6, cervical spondylosis (CS) in 12 and other abnormalities in 6; 104 cases were normal. NIS-I was considered to reflect an early stage of DSA. The age of patients with DSA (mean 61.5 +/- 10.2 years), as well as with CS, was significantly higher than the normal group (52.2 +/- 10.6; p < 0.001), but younger than CS (68.5 +/- 10.0). The duration of dialysis in DSA patients (mean 12.1 +/- 6.0 years) was the longest and significantly longer than normal (7.7 +/- 6.5; p < 0.01) and (:S patients (3.8 +/- 3.0; p < 0.001). Through comparative evaluations of prior histories of the diseases, such as diabetes mellitus, carpal tunnel syndrome, amyloid osteoarthropathy (AOA) and parathyroidectomy, along with large calcification of the nuchal soft tissues on plain films, it was found that DSA, in conjunction with NIS-I, correlated with only AOA (p < 0.05). Subjective sensory symptoms, which consisted chiefly of arthralgic type followed by polyneuritic type, were noted in 60% of all patients and 56% of DSA patients. No significant differences were evident between any two particular groups. The score of subjective motor symptoms of the lower extremities in 5 patients with myelopathy was significantly higher than that in 5 other patients without neurological disorders (p < 0.05). Thirty-eight percent of DSA patients showed myelopathy; the frequency was higher than those of previous similar studies (0 = 5%). In conclusion, this study demonstrated that 1) DSA occurred in 10% of dialysis patients, which was also evident in previous reports (9 = 10%); this prevalence was higher than those of CS or OPLL, 2) DSA correlated with the duration of dialysis and AOA, 3) subjective motor symptoms of the lower extremities could indicate presence of myelopathy whereas subjective sensory symptoms contributed little to differential diagnosis, and 4) a careful neurologic examination can more frequently disclose myelopathy in patients with DSA than so far believed.Nō to shinkei = Brain and nerve 08/1997; 49(8):713-22.
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ABSTRACT: The role of beta 2-microglobulin-related amyloidosis in the articular syndromes associated with long-term haemodialysis was analysed in a series of 23 haemodialysed patients from whom 43 amyloid-containing osteoarticular specimens were obtained. Patients with clinical arthropathy had more intense and deep synovial involvement by amyloid than asymptomatic ones. Amyloid proved to be an agent for bone destruction, causing bone cysts and cortical erosions. Amyloid deposition in cartilage was found constantly, leading to fissures and irregularities in the articular surface. From our observations, amyloid seems to be the main pathogenetic factor involved in articular swelling, destructive arthropathies and pathological fractures occurring in haemodialysed patients, although other disturbances related to haemodialysis could play a role.Virchows Archiv. A, Pathological anatomy and histopathology 02/1990; 417(6):523-8.
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ABSTRACT: We present a patient with end-stage renal disease treated by chronic dialysis, in whom progressive destructive spondyloarthropathy of the lumbar spine was successfully managed by fusion with internal fixation, resulting in relief of pain and restoration of activity.Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery 02/2000; 120(9):538-40. DOI:10.1007/s004029900108 · 1.60 Impact Factor
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