Current state of diagnosis and management of critical limb ischemia.
ABSTRACT Critical limb ischemia represents the most severe form of peripheral arterial disease and carries with it severe morbidity and mortality risks. Because of comorbidity risks, early diagnosis and aggressive medical management make up an important part of the treatment paradigm for these individuals. However, in addition to managing these comorbid conditions, the physician caring for these individuals must be able to provide revascularization options that will improve arterial flow to the threatened extremity and assure healing of complicated wounds. Both open surgical and endovascular therapies have proven beneficial in restoring flow to severely ischemic limbs in these patients. Additionally, combinations of the above therapeutic methods have offered more available options for these patients. This article reviews care of patients with critical limb ischemia with critical assessment of options for medical and revascularization options.
Article: Painful black toe--A case study[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Background Critical limb ischaemia refers to an advanced form of peripheral vascular disease where severe arterial occlusion manifests as chronic ischaemic rest pain, nonhealing ulcers and gangrene. Depending on the severity of disease and level of occlusion, endovascular revascularisation and vascular surgical bypass are indicated to salvage the limb before the inevitable lifesaving choice limb amputation. Objective This article illustrates a clinical scenario in which, without any intervention, the ischaemic anatomy may dry up and mummify. It is a remarkable reminder of the natural history of such events. Discussion Medical management including analgesia, wound care, infection control and aggressive modification of atherosclerotic risks factors may contribute to a better prognosis. For inoperable cases, pneumatic compression and spinal cord stimulation can be considered to relieve symptoms and improve wound healingAustralian family physician 09/2012; 41(9):704-706. · 0.73 Impact Factor