[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Microsporidia are currently considered emerging pathogens responsible for life-threatening infections in organ transplant recipients. Here, we describe the first cases of intestinal microsporidiosis by Enterocytozoon bieneusi genotype D in two non-HIV-infected renal transplant recipients from Spain. Previously reported cases of microsporidiosis in organ transplant recipients have also been reviewed, highlighting the necessity of considering organ transplant recipients a risk group for microsporidiosis. A systematic search for these parasites is recommended in cases of persistent diarrhea and in the differential diagnosis of other syndromes, such as chronic fever of unknown etiology.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Intestinal microsporidiosis is most commonly associated with persistent diarrhea in advanced AIDS cases. To determine the prevalence and clinical manifestations of this infection in HIV/AIDS patients, a single fresh stool sample and blood were collected from 243 (214 HIV-positive and 29 HIV-negative) diarrheal patients. The presence of intestinal microsporidiosis in the stool was determined by Uvitex-2B staining and a PCR-based detection method. HIV screening was done by using ELISA, and reactive samples were confirmed by Western blotting. The CD4+ cell count was analyzed using FACScan. Out of 243 diarrheal patients, 39 (16.0%) cases were positive for intestinal microsporidial infection by either of the methods used. Of the 39, only 18 cases positive by microscopy were also positive by PCR. Based on PCR and microscopic analyses the microsporidial parasites were identified as Enterocytozoon bieneusi (30), Ecephalitozoon intestinalis (6), and double infections (3). All microsporidia-positive cases were HIV-positive, and 92.3% had diarrhea for over 4 weeks. The diarrhea was watery in 79.5% of the patients. Weight loss >10% was recorded in 37 (94.9%) cases. The CD4+ cell count was <100 cells/mm(3) in 84.4% of subjects, and 59.4% of the patients had a CD4+ cell count of < or =50 cells/mm(3), with a mean of 22.8 cells/mm(3). This study revealed that intestinal microsporidiosis is a common cause of chronic diarrhea and severe weight loss in advanced AIDS patients in Ethiopia. This condition is attributable mainly to E. bieneusi. Thus, early diagnosis of intestinal microsporidiosis in HIV/AIDS patients would certainly be helpful in the understanding and management of diarrheal illness.
Japanese journal of infectious diseases 10/2006; 59(5):306-10. · 1.20 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Intestinal microsporidiosis is recognised as an important cause of opportunistic parasitosis in immunocompromised patients, especially HIV-infected patients. Enterocytozoon bieneusi is the common causal agent. The diagnosis of intestinal microsporidiosis has usually based on microscopic detection of the spores of microsporidia species in stool samples, requires additional staining techniques as Modified Weber's trichrome stain. However, the detection of the spores can be difficult and species determination, which is important for defining the appropriate treatment, is impossible. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based methods have been successfully used for detection of microsporidian infections. They are more sensitive and are able to identify microsporidia species. The purpose of this study is to identify E. bieneusi to adapt treatment and assess the true prevalence of the intestinal microsporidiosis due to this species in compromised patients in Tunisia.
One hundred and eighteen stools from immunocompromised patients, with a symptomatology in favour of the intestinal microsporidiosis, were analysed using light microscopy after staining with Modified Weber's trichrome stain and PCR.
Only four were positive by Modified Weber's trichrome stain whereas eleven stools were positive by PCR, giving a prevalence of 20% in HIV-infected patients and 5,35% in human immunodeficiency virus-negative patients.
This study confirms the usefulness of PCR in the diagnosis of the intestinal microsporidiosis due to E. bieneusi. Indeed, PCR has greater sensitivity than Modified Weber's trichrome stain and can identify the species of microsporidia in order to adapt the treatment.
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