[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Post-traumatic retained hemothorax is a major risk factor for empyema thoracis leading to prolonged hospitalization, entrapped lung and a need for decortication. VATS (Video Assisted Thoracoscopy) for retained hemothorax shortens the duration of chest tube drainage and length of stay. From December 2004 to July 2009, 110 consecutive patients underwent VATS for retained or clotted hemothoraces at the Department of Thoracic Surgery, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi. Majority of the patients were males (n = 91; 82.7%). Sixty-five patients (59.1%) underwent VATS within 6 days and 45 patients (40.9%) between 7 - 14 days of injury. In 8 patients (7.3%) VATS was abandoned for thoracotomy. Post VATS full lung expansion was achieved in 87 patients (79.0) with complete evacuation of hemothorax. Chest tubes were removed within the first week in 100 patients (90.9%). In hemodynamically stable patients, VATS is a safe, reliable and effective technique for the evacuation of retained hemothorax. Early intervention within 6 days of injury avoids the need for a thoracotomy and is associated with a better short and long-term outcome.
Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP. 03/2013; 23(3):234-6.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Small pigtail catheters appear to work as well as the traditional large-bore chest tubes in patients with traumatic pneumothorax, but it is not known whether the smaller pigtail catheters are associated with less tube-site pain. This study was conducted to compare tube-site pain following pigtail catheter or chest tube insertion in patients with uncomplicated traumatic pneumothorax.
This prospective randomized trial compared 14-Fr pigtail catheters and 28-Fr chest tubes in patients with traumatic pneumothorax presenting to a level I trauma centre from July 2010 to February 2012. Patients who required emergency tube placement, those who refused and those who could not respond to pain assessment were excluded. Primary outcomes were tube-site pain, as assessed by a numerical rating scale, and total pain medication use. Secondary outcomes included the success rate of pneumothorax resolution and insertion-related complications.
Forty patients were enrolled. Baseline characteristics of 20 patients in the pigtail catheter group were similar to those of 20 patients in the chest tube group. No patient had a flail chest or haemothorax. Pain scores related to chest wall trauma were similar in the two groups. Patients with a pigtail catheter had significantly lower mean(s.d.) tube-site pain scores than those with a chest tube, at baseline after tube insertion (3·2(0·6) versus 7·7(0·6); P < 0·001), on day 1 (1·9(0·5) versus 6·2(0·7); P < 0·001) and day 2 (2·1(1.1) versus 5·5(1·0); P = 0·040). The decreased use of pain medication associated with pigtail catheter was not significantly different. The duration of tube insertion, success rate and insertion-related complications were all similar in the two groups.
For patients with a simple, uncomplicated traumatic pneumothorax, use of a 14-Fr pigtail catheter is associated with reduced pain at the site of insertion, with no other clinically important differences noted compared with chest tubes. Registration number: NCT01537289 (http://clinicaltrials.gov).
British Journal of Surgery 01/2014; 101(2):17-22. · 4.84 Impact Factor
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