Association between tacrolimus concentration and genetic polymorphisms of CYP3A5 and ABCB1 during the early stage after liver transplant in an Iranian population.

Organ Transplant Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
Experimental and clinical transplantation : official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation 02/2012; 10(1):24-9.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Tacrolimus is widely used as an immunosuppressive drug in liver transplant recipients with a narrow therapeutic range and variable individualized pharmacokinetics. Tacrolimus is a substrate of cytochrome P-450 3A enzyme and the drug transporter, P-glycoprotein.
We determined the genotypic frequencies of cytochrome P-4503A5 (rs776746), and ABCB1 (rs1045642), single nucleotide polymorphisms in a population of 100 Iranian liver transplant patients, and investigated the influence of the above-mentioned single nucleotide polymorphisms on tacrolimus concentrations. At 7 and 30 days after transplant, tacrolimus dosages (mg/kg/d), trough blood levels (T0), and dose-adjusted concentrations (concentration/dosage ratio) were determined. Polymerase chain reaction, followed by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis, was used for genotyping cytochrome P-4503A5*3 [6986A>G] as well as ABCB1 [3435C>T].
Ninety-five percent of the population showed a cytochrome P-4503A5*3/*3 genotype. ABCB13435TT genotype was observed in 33 cases (33%); whereas 51 cases (51%) carried 3435CT, and 16 cases (16%) carried 3435CC. With regard to the ABCB1 and cytochrome P-4503A5, they showed no influence on tacrolimus dosing requirements at 1 week or 1 month after transplant. No association of any genetic variant with the acute rejection rate was found.
Finally, as the liver donor genotype influences tacrolimus pharmacokinetics with regard to expression of cytochrome P-4503A5, far more than the genotype of the recipient; therefore, it should be considered before recommending any personal immunosuppressive treatment based on pharmacogenetics.

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    ABSTRACT: The effect of ABCB1 C3435T SNP on the pharmacokinetics of immunosuppressive drug tacrolimus in different studies was conflicting. So meta-analysis was employed to study the correlation of ABCB1 C3435T SNP and the pharmacokinetics of tacrolimus at different post-transplantation time. Several studies about ABCB1 C3435T polymorphism and the pharmacokinetics of tacrolimus were collected through the search on PubMed and the Cochrane Library. After the extraction of pharmacokinetics parameters from these studies, meta-analysis was performed on the software STATA version11.0. A total of 9 studies were adopted including 558 liver transplant recipients. For the dose of tacrolimus, the subjects with wild-type CC had a significantly higher tacrolimus dose than homozygous mutated genotype TT within 1week (WMD=0.01 (0.00, 0.02), P=0.014) and the similar result in recipients with heterozygous CT compared with TT after transplantation for 1month (WMD=0.01 (0.00, 0.02), P=0.002). For the tacrolimus concentration/dose ratio, subjects with CT had higher C/D ratio than those with CC and TT in different post-transplantation time. The subgroup analysis based on different ethnic population was also carried out. Donors' genotypes were also considered in this meta-analysis. Through this meta-analysis for the including studies about the pharmacokinetics of tacrolimus and ABCB1 C3435T SNP, several significant associations were obtained. Particularly, the Caucasians showed more significant associations between the C/D ratio and ABCB1 C3435T polymorphism, however, the correlations were not steady in different post-transplantation time.
    Gene 09/2013; · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tacrolimus, a calcineurin inhibitör, is prescribed to prevent allograft rejection in renal transplantation. Tacrolimus not only has a narrow therapeutic index, but also shows significant interindividual differences. The absorption and metabolism of this drug are affected by multidrug resistance (MDR) 1 gene polymorphisms that correlated with single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) affecting in vivo P-glycoprotein activity. This study investigated associations of MDR1 gene C3435T polymorphism with tacrolimus blood concentrations and dose requirements as well as acute rejection episodes among Turkish renal transplant patients. One hundred living-donor transplant recipients and 150 healthy control subjects underwent C3435T genotyping using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Blood concentrations of tacrolimus were determined with the cloned enzyme donor immunoassay. The CC, CT, and TT genotype frequencies among patients were, respectively, 44.0%, 33.0%, and 23.0% versus 36.7%, 43.3%, and 20.0% among control subjects. There was no significant difference between (P = .061; P = .102; P = .211; respectively). The ratio of blood concentration to dose of tacrolimus for patients with mutant homozygous 3435 TT genotype was higher than that of wild-type 3435 CC genotype homozygous individuals. The doses for these patients were lower at 1, 3, and 12 months (P = .048; P = .03; P = .041, respectively). There were no significant differences between the groups regarding coprescription of drugs that affect tacrolimus concentrations, such as diltiazem. Acute rejection episodes were not associated with the CC vs CT or TT genotypes: odds ratio (OR), 0.517 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.190-1.407; P = .192); OR 1.558 (95% CI, 0.587-4.136; P = .372); OR 1.346; (95% CI, 0.456-3.968; P = .590), respectively. Determination of MDR1 polymorphism may help to achieve target of tacrolimus blood concentrations.
    Transplantation Proceedings 04/2013; 45(3):895-900. · 0.95 Impact Factor


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