Factors influencing survival in patients undergoing palliative bypass for pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study is to identify factors predictive of early mortality following palliative bypass in patients with previously unsuspected advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma to provide a basis for the selection of appropriate therapies.
All patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma who underwent a bypass procedure at our institution between 9/30/1994 and 1/31/2006 were reviewed. Patients with peri-operative mortality were excluded from the analysis. Univariate analysis was performed on peri-operative data to identify factors associated with early mortality (death within 6 months of surgery). Patients having multiple risk factors were assigned an overall prognostic score based on the sum of these factors.
Of the 397 patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma analyzed, four factors were found to predict early mortality following palliative bypass: Presence of distant metastatic disease (HR 2.59, P < 0.0001), poor tumor differentiation (HR 1.71, P = 0.009), severe pre-operative nausea and vomiting (HR 1.48, P = 0.013), and lack of previous placement of a biliary stent (HR 1.36, P = 0.048). Patients with a prognostic score of 0 were significantly more likely to survive past 6 months than patients with a prognostic score of 1 (HR 2.71, P < 0.0001), 2 (HR 3.70, P < 0.0001), or ≥3 (HR 5.63, P < 0.0001).
In a cohort of patients undergoing a palliative bypass procedure, specific peri-operative factors can be used to identify patients who are at risk of early mortality. These factors may be helpful in selecting appropriate interventions for this group of patients.
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ABSTRACT: The optimal surgical management of patients found to have unresectable pancreatic cancer at open exploration remains unknown. Records of patients who underwent non-therapeutic laparotomy for pancreatic cancer during 2000-2009 and were followed until death at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, were reviewed. Over the 10-year study period, 157 patients underwent non-therapeutic laparotomy. Laparotomy alone was performed in 21% of patients; duodenal bypass, biliary bypass and double bypass were performed in 11%, 30% and 38% of patients, respectively. Complications occurred in 44 (28%) patients. Three (2%) patients died perioperatively. Postoperative interventions were required in 72 (46%) patients following exploration. The median number of inpatient days prior to death was 16 (interquartile range: 8-32 days). Proportions of patients requiring interventions were similar regardless of the procedure performed at the initial operation, as were the total number of inpatient days prior to death. Patients undergoing gastrojejunostomy required fewer postoperative duodenal stents and those undergoing operative biliary drainage required fewer postoperative biliary stents. In this study, duodenal, biliary and double bypasses in unresectable patients were not associated with fewer invasive procedures following non-therapeutic laparotomy and did not appear to reduce the total number of inpatient hospital days prior to death. Continued effort to identify unresectability prior to operation is justified.HPB 07/2012; 14(7):469-75. · 1.94 Impact Factor