Pooled-analysis of the associations between three polymorphisms in the VEGF gene and age-related macular degeneration.
ABSTRACT The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene has been suggested to play an important role in the pathogenesis of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). However, the results have been inconsistent. In this study, we performed a meta-analysis to clarify the associations between VEGF polymorphisms and AMD risk across different populations. Published literature from PubMed and EMBASE were retrieved. Pooled odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated using fixed- or random-effects model. Five studies (1,280 cases and 715 controls) for rs833061 polymorphism, five studies (1,033 cases and 807 controls) for rs1413711 polymorphism, and four studies (1,217 cases and 4,079 controls) for rs2010963 polymorphism were identified. No statistically significant association was found for rs833061, rs1413711 and rs2010963 polymorphisms, although there were significant associations for rs833061 polymorphism under a homogeneous co-dominant model (CC vs. TT: OR = 1.59, 95%CI 1.14-2.23) and for rs1413711 polymorphism under a recessive model (TT vs. CT + CC: OR = 1.50, 95%CI 1.08-2.08), the results were not robust by sensitivity analysis. However, there was a significant association for rs833061 among European and East Asian populations, and for rs1413711 among Europeans. The present meta-analyses indicated that there were no significantly associations between VEGF polymorphisms (rs833061, rs1413711, rs2010963) and the risk of AMD, although the association was different for each polymorphism among different populations.