Retinal breaks in small-gauge pars plana vitrectomy.
ABSTRACT To determine the frequency of peripheral iatrogenic retinal breaks in eyes undergoing small-gauge pars plana vitrectomy.
Prospective, single-center, noncomparative interventional case series.
A consecutive series of patients that underwent 23- or 25-gauge vitrectomy between July 2010 and the end of October 2010 were included in the study. We excluded patients with retinal detachment, dislocated crystalline lens from complicated cataract surgery, endophthalmitis, and previous history of eye trauma or vitrectomy. We recorded prospectively the frequency of all retinal breaks noted during surgery of patients undergoing 23- or 25-gauge vitrectomy. The indications for vitreoretinal surgery were recorded, as were the location of retinal breaks, the presence or absence of an intact posterior hyaloid, status of lens, method of retinopexy, and use of a tamponade, together with the onset of a rhegmatogenous retinal detachment during the 3-month follow-up interval. Main outcome was rate of entry site breaks in small-gauge vitrectomy.
We included 184 patients in this study. The mean age was 65.6 years (SD 13.2) and 46% were male. Retinal breaks occurred in 29 patients (15.7%) but breaks in only 6 (3.2%) were deemed to be related to the sclerotomies. Entry site breaks were not linked to the gauge of the instruments, but retinal breaks were more common in 23-gauge surgeries, although this was not statistically significant. One rhegmatogenous retinal detachment occurred in the postoperative period.
Entry site retinal breaks are not common in small-gauge vitrectomy.
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ABSTRACT: Posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) is a common phenomenon in the aging eye. However, this may be complicated by persistent symptomatic vitreomacular adhesions that exert tractional forces on the macula (vitreomacular traction; VMT). VMT itself may be associated with epiretinal membrane formation and the development of idiopathic macular holes (IMH). Such pathologies may cause visual disturbances, including metamorphopsia, photopsia, blurred vision, and decreased visual acuity, which impact an individual's quality of life. Technologies such as optical coherence tomography allow an increasingly more accurate visualisation of the macular anatomy, including quantification of macular hole characteristics, and this facilitates treatment decision-making. Pars plana vitrectomy remains the primary treatment option for many patients with VMT or IMH; for the latter, peeling of the inner limiting membrane (ILM) of the retina has shown improved outcomes when compared with no ILM peeling. The development of narrow-gauge transconjunctival vitrectomy systems has improved the rate of visual recovery following surgery. Ocriplasmin, by degrading laminin and fibronectin at the vitreoretinal interface, may allow induction of PVD in a non-invasive manner. Indeed, clinical studies have supported its use as an alternative to surgery in certain patient populations. However, further research is still needed with respect to greater understanding of the pathophysiology underlying the development of VMT and IMH.Eye (London, England) 10/2013; 27(S1):S1-S21. · 1.97 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate the incidence rates of iatrogenic retinal breaks in eyes that underwent 25-gauge vitrectomy under air compared with 25-gauge standard vitrectomy for idiopathic macular holes or idiopathic epiretinal membranes. In this retrospective, comparative interventional study, 435 eyes were enrolled. In all patients after core vitrectomy and epiretinal/inner limiting membrane peeling, complete vitrectomy of the base was performed, respectively under air (air group) or under fluid infusion (standard group). The number of eyes with iatrogenic retinal breaks was significantly lower in the air group than in standard group (4/197 and 16/238, 2% and 7%, respectively; P = 0.035). A postoperative retinal detachment developed in 2 eyes (1%) in the standard group, and in no eyes of the air group (0%). Factors related to the occurrence of retinal breaks were surgically induced posterior vitreous detachment (P = 0.006), standard vitrectomy (P = 0.023), and surgery for macular hole (P = 0.030). The 25-gauge vitrectomy under air is associated with a lower incidence rate of retinal breaks compared with the standard 25-gauge vitrectomy.Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.) 03/2014; · 2.93 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The periphery of the vitrectomised eye is the site of retinal breaks in 1 to 15% of cases. These breaks must be looked for and treated to avoid retinal detachment. They are more frequent in the presence of fragile lesions in high myopia, or vitreoretinal traction. They can be related to vitreous incarceration in a sclerotomy site or with the movements of the vitrectomy probe. Traction is proportional to aspiration rate, and inversely proportional to the distance between the cutter and the vitreous base. Twenty-three- or 25-gauge transconjunctival vitrectomy seems to decrease the risk of vitreous incarceration and peripheral retinal tear.Journal francais d'ophtalmologie 02/2014; · 0.51 Impact Factor