Vascular complications and access crossover in 10,676 transradial percutaneous coronary procedures.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy.
American heart journal (Impact Factor: 4.65). 02/2012; 163(2):230-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.ahj.2011.10.019
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Randomized trials have shown that transradial approach, compared with transfemoral, reduces vascular complications (VCs) of coronary procedures in selected patients. Yet, radial approach is associated to a variety of access-site VC as well as to a higher failure rate compared with femoral access.
At our institution, from May 2005 to May 2010, we prospectively assessed the occurrence and outcome of VC in consecutive patients undergoing transradial percutaneous coronary procedures performed by trained radial operators. The need of access crossover to complete the procedure was also prospectively investigated. Vascular complications were classified as "radial related" or "nonradial related" (in the case of access crossover). Vascular complications were also classified "major" if requiring surgery and/or blood transfusions or causing hemoglobin drop >3 g/dL.
Ten thousand six hundred seventy-six procedures were performed using a right radial (87.5%), left radial (12.4%), or ulnar (0.1%) artery as primary access. A total of 53 VCs (0.5%) were observed: 44 (83%) radial related and 9 (17%) nonradial related. Major VCs occurred in 16 patients only (0.2%) and were radial related in 10 (62.5%) and nonradial related in 6 (37.5%) patients. Vascular complications rate was stable during the study and independent of operator's experience. Access crossover rate was 4.9%, differed according to the operator radial experience and significantly decreased over time.
The present study, conducted in a center with high volume of radial procedures, shows that transradial approach is associated with a very low rate of VC, which is stable over time. On the contrary, access crossover rate decreased over time and differed according to operator (radial) experience.

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May 28, 2014