Scaling of surface-plasma reactors with a significantly increased energy density for NO conversion

Frank Reidy Research Center for Bioelectrics, Old Dominion University, 4211 Monarch Way, Suite 300, Norfolk, VA 23508, USA.
Journal of hazardous materials (Impact Factor: 4.33). 03/2012; 209-210:293-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2012.01.024
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Comparative studies revealed that surface plasmas developing along a solid-gas interface are significantly more effective and energy efficient for remediation of toxic pollutants in air than conventional plasmas propagating in air. Scaling of the surface plasma reactors to large volumes by operating them in parallel suffers from a serious problem of adverse effects of the space charges generated at the dielectric surfaces of the neighboring discharge chambers. This study revealed that a conductive foil on the cathode potential placed between the dielectric plates as a shield not only decoupled the discharges, but also increased the electrical power deposited in the reactor by a factor of about forty over the electrical power level obtained without shielding and without loss of efficiency for NO removal. The shield had no negative effect on efficiency, which is verified by the fact that the energy costs for 50% NO removal were about 60 eV/molecule and the energy constant, k(E), was about 0.02 L/J in both the shielded and unshielded cases.

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    • "A lot of studies have been carried out to investigate NO x removal by an electron-beam NTP-based process [8]. Masuda and Nakao first proposed the electrical NTP process for NO oxidation, and encouraging results have been obtained in both experimental and industrial investigations [9]–[13]. Furthermore, Byun et al. reported effective oxidation of Hg 0 with a dielectric barrier discharge and a pulsed corona discharge reactor [14]–[16]. "
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